Modern Design Style 101

Classically cool and unapologetically practical, modernism has influenced everyone from the midcentury masters to contemporary tastemakers. It’s a bold strategy — and here’s how it pays off.

Modern Sitting Area With Black Leather Sofas and Bay View

Modern Living Room With View of the Bay

Black leather couches add a sleek touch to this modern living room with a bay view.

From: Million Dollar Rooms

Related To:

What Is Modern Design Style?

Not to be confused with contemporary style (an ever-changing reflection of current trends), modernism is an instantly recognizable aesthetic that dates back to the early 20th century. As the architect Louis Sullivan famously put it, “form ever follows function” in modernist spaces: rooms’ structural elements are often exposed, pieces’ silhouettes are pared down to horizontal and vertical lines with few curves, materials are sleek and reflective and palettes are muted or boldly monochromatic. This confident, forward-looking style was hugely influential, and minimalist, midcentury modern and Scandinavian spaces all carry visual echoes of its uncompromising (but undeniably attractive) utilitarianism. Get back to basics by making modernist power moves like these.

Modern Spaces Use Glass Partitions

Open-concept modern spaces like this soaring, two-story Arizona great room emphasize every inch of their square footage by deploying materials like plate glass (which very nearly disappears from most angles) in lieu of banisters or railings that would carry more visual weight and interrupt both natural light and sight lines. Polished, poured-concrete flooring also promotes flow between the living and dining areas in this characteristically modern home. (Bonus points for the non-geometric but handsomely monochromatic dog.)

White, Modern Two-Story Living Room

Bright, Modern Living Room Highlights Dramatic Ceiling Height

Dramatic fireplace detail and sculptural rings emphasize the height of this two-story living room. During a renovation of the home, the stairs were repositioned along the side wall, which allowed a new opening between the room and the adjacent kitchen and encouraged movement of light and views through the two spaces.

Photo by: Roehner + Ryan

Roehner + Ryan

Modernism Minimizes Accents

This modern sitting area does have a few adornments: its linear white sofa sits beneath a large color photograph, and a clear glass sculpture shares space with design books and a lacquered box on a glass slab coffee table. Consider how faithfully those few accessories hew to modernism’s principles, though: the sculpture is a simple, seamless shape, the photo features a clean chrome frame and a virtually invisible, linear chrome picture light, the box’s crisp white surface has clean black edges and the design books are bound in muted tones that don’t scream for attention.

Modern Living Space With White Sofa & Glass Coffee Table

Modern Sitting Room Features Large Framed Art

A large framed piece of art hangs on the wall above a mod white sofa in this sitting room. A lovely two-tiered glass coffee table features a round glass sculpture and plenty of reading material.

Photo by: Photographer: Christina Wedge

Photographer: Christina Wedge

Warm Wood Softens a Modern Space

With majestically modern exterior glass walls (no breezy textiles to interrupt the natural light or block views here), concrete flooring and an angular platform bed as its sole piece of furniture, this austere bedroom depends on connection with the outdoors for warmth. The honey-toned wood and rust-colored linen duvet on the bed add a few clean, organic notes; the natural wood ceiling, in turn, contributes additional warmth and guides the eye out to both the geometric roof line and the verdant foothills outside.

Neutral Modern Bedroom

Modern Bedroom with Glass Exterior Walls

With its tall exterior walls of glass, this modern bedroom gets a sweeping view of the surrounding rugged and hilly terrain. A natural wood ceiling provides an organic element that connects the space to the outdoors. A broad overhang, part of the flat, modern roof line, provides some shelter from the sunlight that streams into the space.

Photo by: Joe Fletcher Photography

Joe Fletcher Photography

Modern Kitchen Design

Get the info you need on modern kitchen design, and prepare to give your kitchen an up-to-date facelift.

Modern Pieces Are Ideal for Outdoor Spaces

Porches, patios and pool decks are the perfect places to play with modern design principles: where better to use smooth, industrial-strength pieces that are easy to clean and virtually impervious to the elements? Consider the dining set, chaises and umbrella in this impossibly chic Long Island yard: their no-frills construction and white-on-white palette can serve as the backdrop for stylish outdoor entertaining now and for decades to come. If you’re looking to dip your toe in old-school modern style, heading outdoors is an excellent way to get started.

White powder-coated dining pieces sit under a mahogany pergola.

Modern, Minimalist Cabana and Covered Patio with Outdoor Dining Area

Designer Jessica Licalzi chose the patio and pool deck's table, chairs and lounges to create a harmonious transition from the cabana. "The outdoor furniture that was selected requires little maintenance, which is ideal, and can stay outside without any covering," she says. "We didn’t want the furniture to combat the cabana pieces and wanted the powder-coated look."

Photo by: Mark Stumer

Mark Stumer

Modern and Midcentury Are Complementary

This dramatic, upholstered black leather platform bed and the low, tone-on-tone dresser beside it are pitch-perfect homages to traditional modernist spaces. Its sculptural, steel-boned white light fixture (inspired by George Nelson’s iconic 1952 Saucer Bubble Pendant) and the banana art Andy Warhol created for the Velvet Underground’s 1967 album, in turn, push the space in a more midcentury-modern direction.

Modern Bedroom With Black Bed

Modern Bedroom With Leather Bed

If Pop Art had a bedroom, it would look like this. A black leather bed, sky-high headboard and textured black bedding bring edgy cool.

Photo by: B+G Design

B+G Design

Modern style captures the spirit of Scandinavian, mid-century modern and post-modern design

using clean lined furnishing and smooth, sleek surfaces paired with metal, chrome and glass. If

you want to shine in modern style, ditch the knick-knacks, pump up the neutrals and add some

bold, colorful artwork to your interior space.

Chair of the ASID National Board, designer Kerrie Kelly

Modern Upholstery Skips Trim and Tufting

Pull a modern bedroom together with cues from this luxurious space on St. Barts: its expansive-but-unfussy window seat and benches lack the tassels, braid and fringing one would associate with more decorative styles. A gleaming, rectangular (the modernists loved right angles) headboard frames crisp white sheets, and the cool concrete floor lacks an area rug.

Bedroom With Daybed Bench

Modern Bedroom With Daybed Bench

A long bench doubles as a bed in this chic bedroom with views that decidedly start the day off right.

Photo by: Sibarth Real Estate, a member of Luxury Portfolio International

Sibarth Real Estate, a member of Luxury Portfolio International

Modernism Favors Cool Metals and Stone

With steel-trimmed furniture polished to a mirror-like shine and a monolithic, near-seamless granite fireplace that matches its ebony flooring, this urban aerie epitomizes modernism’s cosmopolitan glamour. Unlike the serene St. Barts bedroom (above), this space lacks a view of golden sand and swaying palms to soften its sharp edges — so its design team added an area rug to soften the geometry just a smidge.

Modern Living Room With Wall of Windows

Modern Living Room With Granite Fireplace

This stunning modern living room features amazing views through a wall of windows, a sleek black granite fireplace and a wall-mounted television.

From: Dresner Design

Photo by: Jim Tschetter, IC36O Images

Jim Tschetter, IC36O Images

Next Up

Transitional Design Style 101

Timeless, harmonious and warm, transitional style combines traditional and modern sensibilities to create spaces that will always feel contemporary.

Coastal Design Style 101

Easy-breezy and laidback, coastal style can give even a landlocked home the beach house feeling of vacay, every day.

Small & Modern Kitchen Design Ideas

Learn from experts how to boost style and spaciousness with modern decor and a layout that includes sleek finishes, a monochromatic color palette and concealed storage.

13 Top Kitchen Design Styles

From contemporary to cottage, today's most popular looks inspire beautiful kitchen designs.

4 Can't-Miss Design Tips You Need to Try in Your Space

Husband-and-wife interior designers Jeanine Hays and Bryan Mason discuss their latest book, AphroChic: Celebrating the Legacy of the Black Family Home, and share their favorite design tips.

Modern Kitchen Cabinets

Learn about the different options of modern kitchen cabinets and how they translate into a spacious and airy dream kitchen.

Find Your Design Style + Toast Your Good Taste

Whether your design style is classic or contemporary, looks to the future or is a blast from the past — there’s a cocktail for that! Take our quiz to learn which style suits you best, then whip up one of our delish cocktails and toast to your good taste. Cheers!

12 Fresh Ways to Decorate With Classic Checkerboard Patterns

When in doubt, check it out with these trendy-yet-timeless checkerboard decor finds.

Tour Jazz Artist Mathew V's Modern, Airy Apartment and Shop His Favorite Pieces

The chart-topping musician's Vancouver apartment riffs on clean design from neutral palettes to sleek, modern silhouettes. Step inside for a tour and shop the look with items from CB2, Anthropologie and more.

How to Determine Your Deck Style

Learn what factors and styles to consider when planning your deck.

Go Shopping

Get product recommendations from HGTV editors, plus can’t-miss sales and deals.

Follow Us Everywhere

Join the party! Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds.