English Lavender

English lavender is valued for its fragrance, color and texture.
Lavender Spikes of the Lavandula Hidcote

Lavender Spikes of the Lavandula Hidcote

Photo by: DK - Grow Plants in Pots © 2011 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Grow Plants in Pots , 2011 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Plant type: Perennial
Hardiness: USDA Zones 5 to 8(9)

Blooms range in color from white and pink to lavender blue. Foliage is needlelike and gray to gray-green in color. May be semi-evergreen in warmer areas. Drought tolerant. Plant size ranges two to four feet tall and as wide.

How to use it: Plant in mass or as a specimen. Use in a mixed perennial border, containers, xeriscaping or in a herb garden. Excellent fresh and dried cutflower. Also used in making potpourri or sachets. Combine with other herbal plants, like rosemary or agastache, or plants for xeriscaping, including poppy mallow (Callirhoe).

Culture: Requires full sun and a well-drained soil. This plant doesn't tolerate wet sites and will rot in such conditions. Avoid overhead watering. Doesn't require heavy fertilization. Cut back in mid-spring about every other year to encourage branching and flowering. Deadhead spent flowers. Primarily propagated through cuttings or seed. No serious problems with pests or diseases.

Special notes: Popular fragrant herb native to the Mediterranean, not England. Drought tolerant. Attracts bees and butterflies.

Choosing Lavender

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'Hidcote' English Lavender

'Hidcote' English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia 'Hidcote') flowers and foliage are popular additions to sachets and potpourris. Flowers appear in terminal spikes in late spring to early summer. Both foliage and flowers are highly aromatic.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

'Kew Red' Spanish Lavender

'Kew Red' Spanish lavender (Lavandula stoechas 'Kew Red') is a showstopper when paired with ornamental grasses or as a standalone in a rock garden. It's fuchsia-colored blooms attract butterflies and hummingbirds, and is a favorite with honeybees.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

'Loddon Pink' English Lavender

'Loddon Pink' English lavender is a compact variety with narrow, grey-green leaves and fragrant, pale pink flowers. The blooms are highly scented and good for drying.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

'Munstead' English Lavender

'Munstead' English lavender is a fragrant, robust variety that, due to its short size and tightly held blooms, makes a great hedge. It flowers profusely in the spring, after which a good pruning will provide an attractive gray bush with highly aromatic leaves.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Lavender 'Phenomenal' (Lavandula x intermedia 'Phenomenal')

This perennial lavender has been developed for hardiness, so it stands up to heat, humidity, and winter cold. The plants also resist root and foliar diseases. Even deer leave them alone! Grow a patch of these deep blue flowers with silvery foliage for their incredible fragrance.

Photo By: Image courtesy of Burpee

'Willow Vale' Spanish Lavender

'Willow Vale' Spanish lavender (Lavandula stoechas 'Willow Vale') features dense spikes of deep violet flowers with reddish-purple bracts. The flowers are highly scented and good for drying.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

'Sawyers' Hybrid Lavender

'Sawyers' hybrid lavender features linear, silvery grey green leaves that grows to a height of 12 to 15 inches, 18 inches when in bloom. In mid-summer it bears fragrant spikes of blue to light purple flowers.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

'Nana Alba' Dwarf English Lavender

'Nana Alba' is a compact English lavender with narrow, grey-green leaves and tiny white flowers on short spikes.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Jagged Lavender (Lavandula pinnata)

Jagged lavender (Lavandula pinnata), also called fernleaf lavender, is a compact variety that has silvery-green, fern-like foliage. In mid-summer until early autumn it shows off spears of blue-violet flowers.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

'Twickel Purple' English Lavender

'Twickel Purple' English lavender is a mid-sized variety has delightfully silver-blue foliage with dense flower clusters.

©2008, Dorling Kindersley Limited

'Grosso' Lavender

'Grosso' lavender (Lavandula x intermedia 'Grosso') is a hybrid variety that is a cross between English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) and broadleaf lavender (Lavandula latifolia). It has both excellent heat and cold tolerance, plus boasts huge flower heads and a rich fragrance.

'Jean Davis' English Lavender

'Jean Davis' shows off blue-green leaves with pale pink flowers. It's a compact variety, typically reaching a height and spread of 12 to 15 inches. 

'Lady' English Lavender

'Lady' English lavender is quite the charmer, showing off super-fragrant, blue-violet blooms on a compact plant. It's great for low hedges, small garden and even thrives in pots.

'White Anouk' Spanish Lavender

'White Anouk' Spanish lavender (Lavandula stoechas 'White Anouk') features bright purple blooms with white, "rabbit ear" bracts that float above silver foliage.

Selected cultivars

  • 'Hidcote' series. Named after Hidcote Manor in England. 'Hidcote Blue' has purple blooms and reaches 15 to 24 inches tall. 'Hidcote Pink' offers light pink flowers.
  • 'Alba'. Has white flowers. Reaches 15 to 24 inches tall and wide.
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