Light Bulb Buying Guide: How to Pick the Right Light

LEDs, CFLs, fluorescents and incandescents: learn where each bulb works best.

Keep in mind: Price and stock could change after publish date, and we may make money from these links.

Each light bulb has its pros and cons, and certain bulbs work better in different spaces of a home. Our light buying guide takes a deeper look at the different bulbs to see where each should be used.

LED Lights

It's hard to tell LED bulbs from incandescent bulbs. Here, the only incandescent is the one on the far right.

These days, it's hard to tell LED bulbs from incandescents. In this photo, the bulb on the far right is an 18-year-old incandescent. The other two are LEDs.

These days, it's hard to tell LED bulbs from incandescents. In this photo, the bulb on the far right is an 18-year-old incandescent. The other two are LEDs.

LED stands for "light-emitting diode." This lighting technology is extremely energy-efficient, and it's the one you're most likely to find at the store these days. LEDs can provide both directional and diffused light, making them great for under-counter task lighting as well as overall room illumination. Prices are competitive with most other energy-efficient technologies, but LEDs are still more expensive than many task-specific incandescent bulbs such as nightlights and appliance lights. While these bulbs usually last longer than incandescents, non-dimmable bulbs may burn out more quickly in areas with frequent power fluctuations. As such, you may want to err on the safe side and purchase dimmable bulbs. In addition, you can now find WiFi-enabled LED bulbs that work with Google Home, Alexa and other "smart" devices that allow you to brighten and dim lights - and even change their colors - just by speaking.

CFL Lights

CFL bulbs help save energy, and they provide a variety of different lighting "moods."

compact fluorescent bulb

Compact fluorescent light bulbs are an easy way to adopt energy saving practices in the home.

Compact fluorescent light bulbs are an easy way to adopt energy saving practices in the home.

Compact fluorescent bulbs (CFLs) consume a quarter of the energy that incandescent bulbs do and last 10 times longer. Unlike the old fluorescent lights, CFLs are quiet, instant-on and have warmer, color-corrected tones. They can be used anywhere you would use a typical incandescent light bulb. CFLs contain trace amounts of mercury, a harmful substance. Although the bulbs contain far less mercury than other household items, care needs to be taken to prevent breakage. Also, when CFLs burn out, they should be recycled.

Fluorescent Lights

Fluorescent lights can often be found in ceiling fixtures.

Fluorescent Ceiling Lighting

Fluorescent lighting is a common ceiling lighting choice.

Fluorescent lighting is a common ceiling lighting choice.

The typical fluorescent bulb gives a flat, cold light that's often bluish and harsh. It is a daylight-equivalent and cannot be put on a dimmer. There are many types of fluorescents on the market: warm ones, cool ones and special-colored ones, and they typically produce more light and last longer than incandescent. Fluorescent bulbs work well to light large areas like basements or attics.

Incandescent Lights

Incandescent bulbs are less efficient than LEDs or CFLs.

Incandescent Bulbs

Incandescent bulbs are usually found in specialty applications these days.

Incandescent bulbs are usually found in specialty applications these days.

Formerly the most common type of bulb, incandescents produce a warm, inviting quality and are very complimentary to skin tones. Incandescent bulbs usually last between 700 to 1,000 hours and can be used with a dimmer; however, they're not as energy efficient as other options. Household incandescents are becoming harder to find, but they're still available as specialty bulbs for vanities, nightlights, ceiling fans, etc.

Halogen Lights

Halogen light bulbs are more efficient than standard incandescents, but less efficient than LEDs.

Halogen Light Bulb

Halogen light bulbs cast bright light and last longer than standard bulbs.

Halogen light bulbs cast bright light and last longer than standard bulbs.

Halogen bulbs are a type of incandescent that gives a close approximation of natural daylight, known as "white light." Colors appear sharper under halogen light and the bulbs can be dimmed. They're a little more energy efficient than incandescent bulbs, but they're more expensive and burn at a higher temperature. Most often halogen bulbs are used in under-cabinet lighting, pendant lights and recessed cans. Remember not to use bare hands when changing the halogen bulb. The smallest residue of oil from a human hand can rub off on the bulb, creating an atmosphere where the bulb warms too quickly when the lamp is turned on, which can cause the bulb to explode.

Energy Saving Lighting Tips 02:07

Dim your lights or explore these new solutions to cut your energy bill.

How to Read a Light Bulb Package

See All Photos

Shop This Look

Next Up

Installing Under-Cabinet Lighting

Lighting under cabinets can add a dramatic accent to your kitchen or bar.

Change a Bulb, Change the World, Save Some Green

Installing energy-saving fluorescent bulbs will not only help save the planet, it will help save your budget.

6 Top-Rated Air Purifiers for Every Budget

Looking for allergy relief? It's time to get all those dust mites, germs and pollutants out of your house for good.

Lighting Controls

Get expert tips for choosing switches, dimmers and key pad systems

Wireless Lighting Control

Gather helpful information on wireless lighting control, and get ready to create an install an efficient and cost-saving lighting automation scheme in your home.

This Top-Rated Roomba Vacuum That Empties Its Own Dustbin Is $150 Off Right Now

Snag this on-sale iRobot Roomba i7+ and automate your vacuuming routine. It connects to your phone, learns the most efficient path of your home, empties the dustbin and charges itself.

The 10 Best Alarm Clocks for Chronic Snoozers

Waking up just got way more pleasant. Take a look at our top picks, and update your nightstand with an alarm clock that's stylish and high-tech.

How to Choose the Best Indoor Lighting for Plants

Whether it's for your full-grown houseplants or starter seedlings, check out these grow light options for your indoor plants.

12 Dining Room Light Fixtures and Chandeliers Under $200

Breathe new life into your dining room design with a budget-friendly light fixture or chandelier.

10 Top-Rated Wireless Chargers to Buy Right Now

Give your device a boost with one of these top-rated wireless chargers.
More from:

HGTV Lighting Guide

Go Shopping

Refresh your home with stylish products handpicked by HGTV editors.

Follow Us Everywhere

Join the party! Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds.

  • Twitter
  • Facebook
  • 500 Operands are not of the same type: comparison is supported for Number types only.

    Operands are not of the same type: comparison is supported for Number types only.

    Cannot serve request to /content/hgtv-com/en/design/decorating/design-101/articles/2010/l/light-bulbs-know-the-different-types.html on this server


    ApacheSling/2.6 (jetty/9.4.15.v20190215, Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM 1.8.0_271, Linux 4.14.203-156.332.amzn2.x86_64 amd64)