Design a Basement Apartment
Homeowners have numerous reasons to convert a basement into an apartment: A returning college grad might need a rent-free place to live while accumulating savings; they may need a place to house an au pair for their young children, have an aging parent or grandparent who doesn't want to live alone, or want income by renting otherwise unused space.
"If the home is near a college, there could be high demand for a renter who doesn't want to live in a dorm," says Neil Salvage, general manager of Lending Tree Home Pros, which connects contractors and homeowners.
Kathryn and Steven Van Asselt found yet another reason after they purchased a house in Portland, OR, two years ago with a 700-square-foot basement. They knew the location would appeal to those moving into the area and not wanting to reside temporarily in a hotel.
With Steven's expertise as a general contractor and owner of Van Asselt Construction, they also knew they could make improvements affordably, and their prior experience as landlords gave them a leg-up on what renters seek and how the process works. They first checked city regulations to be sure they could have someone live fulltime within their premises and pay rent, install a working kitchen, meet criteria for minimum ceiling height (at least 6'8"), and have the right number of egresses for safe exit.
Next, they had the space inspected to be certain it was dry—and would remain so. Then, they were ready to make changes—provide a private access to the street so their tenants wouldn't have to enter and exit their home, break through concrete walls to enlarge windows to add light to the bedroom and living walls, add insulation for warmth and sound dampening to cut noise to their upstairs level, install a full kitchen and bathroom, and paint walls.
Furnishing the apartment became the fun part of the process, but they kept costs down by purchasing mostly at IKEA. "We knew that people like IKEA because it's modern and cheerful," says Kathryn, a professor at Portland State University. She also knew to add in nice perks—good coffee maker, HD flat-screen TV, towels, real closet space, laundry equipment, and stack of maps and brochures about Portland. They estimate total costs at between $15,000 and $20,000, and have been able to find renters through Craigslist who pay $400 a week, with one-month minimum stay.
Office Desk On Display
Since Ruth's late husband was attached to his hardy 1950s oak desk, she was adamant about keeping it in the space after the remodel. To give it a modern update, she had it sanded, primed and then sprayed with high-gloss charcoal lacquer. In order to keep the area well-lit, a junction box was added and a custom drum pendant was hung with the bottom 38 inches above the desktop.
In its new state, Julie and Tom's basement is much lighter and more energetic. They integrated color through the paint and wallpaper choices, selecting a shade of dove gray called First Snowfall from Benjamin Moore for the walls. By using the back of the sofa as a room divider, they created another area for seating for four around a table.
Josh Landers and Josh Williams embarked on a basement remodel to create a space where they could work from home several days a week while tending to their puppy, Bentley. Changes included using only dog-friendly, durable and easy-to-clean materials, from the vinyl plank flooring and vinyl crocodile wallcovering to steel furniture and custom draperies made from indoor/outdoor fabric.
To keep the den clutter-free, Landers and Williams use a modern 1960s console to house all of Bentley's needs as well as their own office supplies. Atop the console sits a pair of modern lamps that light the corner, and on the wall is an old pet supply storefront sign that was picked up at an antique market.
Determined to save costs and stick with a short timeline of three weeks, Michelle decided to keep the built-ins that were previously used as game room storage. By placing her writing desk in front of the wall, she can look out into the backyard while working. "I didn't want to sit at my desk all day and stare at the wall. It was important to be able to look outside from my chair," the designer explains. "Floating the desk in front of the storage wall was the perfect solution."
To take full advantage of an 8-foot wall to the left of her design studio's entrance, Michelle designed a custom banquette where she can read design books. In keeping with her signature glamorous style, she chose a glossy, glazed linen for the upholstery with super shiny chrome nail head detail.
Here's what else the couple and others suggest:
- For smaller apartments, focus on space-saving furnishings and appliances, such as wall-mounted toilets and Murphy beds, says Marianne Cusato, author of The Just Right Home and designer of the tiny post-Hurricane Katrina cottage.
- Tie plumbing into the main home's existing stacks to save since this is typically the biggest basement expense, says architect Duo Dickinson.
- Focus on comfort and warmth. Go with carpet tiles or area rugs atop cold stone or concrete; insulate walls, ceilings, floors, and pipes, and use materials that won’t decay if wet, says architect Joe Eisen.
- Consider a separate mechanical system and sound-proof it if located next to the apartment.
- Install sufficient artificial light since natural light may be minimal; this may require upgrading your home’s electrical panel.
- Exposing ceiling beams and ductwork can look fine, says Bree Al- Rashid, managing broker at Redfin Corp; some actually prefer it to dated looking acoustical tiles.
- If older relatives come to stay now or down the road, consider installing an elevator or at least having a space reserved for it. Though it can run $25,000, that's far less than an assisted care facility, says architect Aaron D. Murphy of ADM-Architecture and a Certified Aging in Place specialist for the National Association of Home Builders. Consider other universal design ideas: color contrasts when levels change, zero thresholds for showers, grab bars in tubs and by toilets, wider doorways, lower counters for wheelchairs to access easily, he says.
- Think furnishings and surfaces that are easy to clean and maintain, so they'll wear well and look good after renting repeatedly.