Flowers of the World

Go around the world in 25 flowers! Browse national flowers, floral emblems and symbolic flowers and plants from countries all over the planet.
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Photo By: Image courtesy of iStock

©2008, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2008, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Photo By: Image courtesy of iStock / Photo by Imran Ahmed

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Photo By: Image courtesy of David Austin Roses

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Photo By: Image courtesy of Felicia Feaster

©2008, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2008, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2013, HGTV/Scripps Networks, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Russia - Chamomile

Russia's expansive beauty and chamomile's simplicity go hand in hand. Known for its healing and soothing (cup of tea, anyone?) chamomile has been used in Russia for a flurry of health purposes for hundreds of years.

United States - Rose

President Reagan officially declared the rose the National Floral Emblem in 1986, stating in his proclamation, “we hold the rose dear as the symbol of life and love and devotion, of beauty and eternity.” 

Thailand - Golden Shower Tree

The golden shower tree (Cassia fistula) has certainly earned its name and right to be Thailand's national tree: Its bright yellow flowers rain down from long, flowing branches every summer.

Greenland - Fireweed

Known more charmingly in Greenland as niviarsiaq (“little girl”), this vibrant wildflower (Chamerion angustifolium) grows beautifully along the country’s sandy banks and riverbeds. Photo by HGTVGardens community member HomieGnomie

Cyprus - Cyclamen

At first it may seem strange for a bloom most gardeners welcome in winter to be the national flower of a Mediterranean island, but Cyprus’ abundant mountain ranges and forests provide the perfect climate for these woodland cyclamen to thrive.

Italy - Lily

Stroll through the streets of Florence and you’re bound to come across the fleur de lis, a red lily on a white background that has served as the city’s emblem since the 11th century. Like lilies? Check out this 'Olympic Gold' daylily.

Cuba - Butterfly Lily

Super fragrant mariposa blanca — white butterfly — is Cuba's national flower. It's been said that during the country's fight for independence, women would relay secret war messages inside the lily's flowers.

Norway - Saxifrage

According to The Saxifrage Society, Norway is home to 18 species of wild-growing saxifrage. In your own backyard they're a perfect fit for rock gardens.

Iceland - Mountain Avens

Capable of handling the roughest conditions, mountain avens is the official flower of Iceland. Too warm for the alpine shrub in your area? Try growing gorgeous Iceland poppies, hardy from zones 4 - 10a.

England - Rose

The rose has been a symbol for England since the War of the Roses in the 1400s. Nowadays, most gardeners just fight to get their hands on the newest David Austin rose like 'Heathcliff', a gorgeous scarlet hybrid with double flowers.

Ireland - Shamrock

Did you expect anything else? It's said that in Ireland's early days, St. Patrick used the clover to describe the Holy Trinity. Though it's likely the saint plucked Trifolium repens, an invasive weed hailing from Ireland, it's more common to grow Oxalis tetraphylla, a relative of the wood sorrel. 

Argentina - Cockspur Coral Tree

Known as ceibo in Spanish-speaking countries, Erythrina crista-galli and its bright red flower is Argentina's national tree and flower. If you've got the space, coral trees are also a favorite in zones 10-11.

Australia - Golden Wattle

The golden wattle tree, Acacia pycnantha, became Australia's floral emblem in the late '80s. Many Acacia species, like the silver wattle (pictured) are Australian natives, loved for their delicate foliage, pale yellow flowers and delightful scent.

Mexico - Dahlia

¡Viva Dahlia! These radiant blooms call Mexico home. With so many varieties to choose from that can adapt to a range of hardiness zones, they can call your garden home, too.

Canada - Maple

From the National Flag to hockey teams (Go, Toronto Maple Leafs!), Canada is known for the iconic maple leaf.

Philippines - Jasmine

Jasminum sambac, or sampaguita, was declared the national flower of the Philippines in the 1930s. There, jasmine is loved for its tiny, fragrant white flowers.

Spain - Red Carnation

In Bizet's famous opera, set in Spain, the beautiful Carmen wore a bright red carnation in her hair. Carnations also happen to grow prolifically in Spain. Just the thought of filling our summer gardens with Dianthus brings music to our ears.

France - Iris

France is represented by a fleur de lis symbol, with the iris as the star. 'George', a popular variety available across the pond, produces rich purple flowers fit for royalty.

India - Lotus

Delicate and graceful, India's history with the lotus goes back to its spiritual roots. Saraswathi, the Hindu goddess of learning, arts, music and nature is typically characterized by sitting on a white or pink lotus flower. Photo by HGTVGardens community member Larrychurchville

Zimbabwe - Flame Lily

Gloriosa superba, the flame lily, serves as Zimbabwe's national flower. The stunning (but poisonous) bloom is native to Africa and Asia, where it grows in jungles, forests and grasslands.

Japan - Cherry Blossom

Japan is famous for sakura, or cherry trees. Visitors flock to the island year after year to see the gorgeous cherry blossoms during their peak season. Photo by HGTVGardens community member Melissa Webster

Austria - Edelweiss

Edelweiss, a European native, gets its name from the German language, with edel- meaning "noble" and weiss meaning "white." If you're visiting, make sure to check your coins — the alpine perennial is depicted on the country's Euro coins.

Iran - Tulip

The tulip, a holy symbol in Iran, is immortalized on the country's national flag. And though we're used to hearing about the fields of tulips in Holland, the Iberian peninsula actually gave birth to the bulbs we know and love.

China - Tree Peony

Paeonia suffruticosa, tree peony, is native to China, where it has been grown, used for medicine and depicted in art and culture for hundreds of years. Tree peony can provide you with a generation of happiness as well—the gorgeous shrub can survive the toughest conditions and some are known to live well over 100 years.

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Golden Lily

The golden lily can be found on Bosnia and Herzegovina's old flags, depicted in a fleur de lis. Lilium bosniacum (Bosnian lily), often lumped into the Lilium carniolicum species, is native to the country and the Balkans.

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