New and Replacement Basement Window Considerations
When a window becomes a hinderance to a basement rather than a welcome source of light, it may be time to consider its replacement.
Basement windows are a welcome source of light within an otherwise dark space. But when a basement window becomes cracked or rotted as a result of years of use, it may be necessary to consider replacing the unit.
Two Become One
Make two small rooms feel more spacious by opening a shared wall to create a framed opening. A framed opening visually links one space to another and is most effective when it provides a wide connection between spaces while still maintaining the differentiation of one room from another.
Columns Instead of Walls
Create a more open floor plan, especially where the kitchen connects to adjacent living spaces, by removing a wall and replacing it with a new support beam and columns. Columns allow for differentiation of places without obstructing much of the view, while providing the structural support of a load-bearing wall.
Let There Be Light
One of the best ways to increase the apparent size of a home without adding on is to bring more daylight into the interior. Increase the size of existing windows or place them adjacent to perpendicular walls and ceilings, allowing those surfaces to act as giant daylight reflectors. In addition, create openings between rooms to allow more of the available daylight to be seen from room to room.
Connect With the Outdoors
There's a terrific opportunity to expand the perceived boundaries of a home to the edge of its property line or beyond if there's access to a longer view. A home will feel several times larger if the location of the doors and windows draws in the surrounding views and allows easy movement to outside.
Bring the Inside Out
Create another room from which to enjoy the outdoors by sheltering an exterior sitting space from the elements with a widened overhang or a new segment of roof. The addition of a screened porch can also serve as an excellent connector between inside and out. During the summer months, it may be your most heavily used living space.
Create the Illusion of More Space
Differentiate surfaces with a belt line or a headband — a continuous line of trim that divides the upper part of the room from the lower part, such as a chair rail, wainscoting or molding that ties together the tops of all windows and doors. If the area below the line is darker in color than the area above, our eyes are led to believe the ceiling height is taller than it really is, which makes the whole space seem bigger.
Functionality is important when choosing a new basement window. Make sure that windows are easily cleaned and lock out exterior moisture, a common problem in basements. You may also want to consider triple-paned windows, a more energy efficient window choice that will reduce the cost of heating and air conditioning a basement.
Once you have chosen a window that suits your needs, it is crucial that you measure an exact fit for your basement window space. A poorly fitted window will allow for water seepage and air drafts – two qualities that don't agree with any living space. If there are any gaps around the edges of the basement window, fill the space with caulking.
Window insulation is also important to the installation of a basement window. Insulation will reduce the loss of heat that is common through basement windows, making the space more energy efficient.
If there is a steel window well on your home's exterior, you may want to consider replacing it with a plastic window well that is less sensitive to temperature elements. This will also help the productivity of your replacement window.
See also: Windows Buying Guide
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