Deck building can be a daunting project, but if you're willing to elevate your approach a bit, floating decks can provide a fairly simple, elegant design addition to any outdoor space.
The design idea behind a floating deck is simple: instead of sitting flush with the ground, a floating deck gives the impression of "floating" a few inches off the surface. It's an aesthetically pleasing touch, and it also provides guests a great vantage point from which to survey the natural beauty of the backyard.
A Pressure Treated Pine Deck with Pergola
A pressure-treated pine (PTP) deck gets a stylish upgrade with a pergola and dining area. PTP structures are economic and practical due to a lifetime warranty against rotting and termites but they are subject to cracking and cupping in prolonged hot weather. To prevent this, hose the deck down occasionally to minimize heat exposure.
Balcony With Armchair and Ottoman
The wall of this home's living area retracts to open it up to a balcony with views out over San Diego's Maple Canyon Preserve. Sheer curtains can be pulled for added privacy without losing any of the natural light.
An Example of a Composite Deck and Tigerwood Porch
Expand your entertainment options and utilize your underdeck as well as your balcony deck like this example which features a screened-in porch of Tigerwood and composite decking for both levels. To maintain the beauty of composite surfaces, never use acetone or other solvents for cleaning. Warm, soapy water and a soft bristle brush work best. Tigerwood does not require a sealant unless you want to retain the natural color instead of letting it age naturally.
The steps for creating a floating deck are fairly straightforward. First, you'll want to level the area you've chosen for the deck. Excavate down to hard, flat ground, then use a laser level to ensure the area is totally flat.
Next, you'll need to set and level four corners of blocking. Blocks should be spaced to make a 7' x 19' rectangle, leaving enough space from each block for deck boards to add another 8' x 20' rectangle. Use a laser level or string level to ensure that each block is level.
Now you need to create lines for the interior blocks. Measure two feet from the corners, then spray paint a straight line down the short portion of the deck (this is the line for the interior blocks). Spray another line two feet between two interior lines. You should now have three horizontal lines—dig a six-inch trench along the lines, then dig a trench between your corner blocks.
On each trench line, space four interior blocks two feet apart from one another. Level the interior blocks and corner blocks. You'll have two blocks between horizontal corners and three between vertical corners.
If all blocks are equally spaced, set them and make sure they're level, adding and removing wet concrete as necessary. Make sure the concrete has dried, then lay the 2" x 6" pressure-treated deck joists. Make sure they are evenly spaced two feet apart.
Finally, lay down your deck boards. Start with one board in the middle of the deck, and make sure it hangs evenly off each end of the 2x6s. Deck planks should have a space between them, so use a small nail as your spacing guide. Where the plank meets the joist, screw two square head trim screws 1-1/4 inch from each side of the deck plank. Hammer the screws down, then repeat on each plank.
See also: Deck and Patio Design Ideas
- Deck Plantings Tips
- Deck Boards: New and Replacement Options
- How to Maintain a Deck
- Rooftop Deck From HGTV Green Home 2009
- DrySnap by Amerimax Home Products
- Deck Railings: Ideas and Options