Deck Boards: New and Replacement Options
Grab all the info you need on new and replacement options for deck boards.
Deck boards can sustain a great deal of wear and tear over time, and many homeowners ultimately face the choice of exploring new and replacement options for their decking surfaces. There are a few things to keep in mind if you're looking to replace or repair existing deck boards, or install new deck boards.
Refinishing a Deck
A deck can be a valued extension of the home, but time and the elements will take their toll. If it has been a few years or even decades since your deck has been given the attention it deserves, it may be time to refinish with necessary repairs, a thorough cleaning and a fresh coat of paint or stain.
Determine Your Needs
A deck that is just a couple of years old or has received regular maintenance is still likely to benefit from a good cleaning. An older deck may need repairs to railings or steps, replacement of split or splintering planks and decisions will need to be made regarding the type of stain used to protect and beautify the structure.
Select a Cleaning Solution
Diluted bleach is a popular choice for deck cleaning, but isn’t necessarily the best choice. Over time, stain is more likely to fade or discolor and bleach can hasten the degradation of the wood. Instead, select a cleaner formulated specifically for deck cleaning and follow manufacturer instructions regarding dilution and application.
Deck cleaner can be spread by using a brush or broom to sweep across the surface or applied using an inexpensive tank sprayer as shown here. Make sure all edges, corners and gaps are treated as will as the deck surface. Follow manufacturer instructions regarding use, but in most cases, the solution should be left to soak on the wood for a period of time before continuing.
A pressure washer is a powerful tool for cleaning a deck. Take care to select a nozzle appropriate for the job. Spray nozzles are categorized by the angle of the spray. A zero degree “red tip” provides the most powerful stream, but can damage the soft wood. Consider a nozzle with a spray angle of 25 or even 40 degrees to clean your deck without scarring the surface.
Repeat Cleaning Process, If Necessary
If it has been a long time since the deck has been pressure washed or has been subject to unusual mildew or staining, a second application of deck cleaner and another round of pressure washing may be needed for a thorough cleaning. If you were on the fence about applying a new stain to the deck, it may be easier to decide once you’ve seen it at its cleanest.
Selecting a Stain
If the lumber used to build your deck looks just perfect in condition and color, you may elect to apply a clear sealer. For most of us, the deck will benefit from a little color, but the choice of stain used will vary with preference and deck condition. A deck that is in good condition with minimal splintering and uniform color throughout is a good candidate for a semi-transparent stain, which soaks into the wood and leaves the grain of the wood visible. Solid stains, as we use on this project, coat the surface of the wood like paint and will hide replaced lumber and minor weathering. If the condition of the wood is especially weathered, a resurfacing stain containing grit is a forgiving choice and can hide cracks as deep as 1/4".
Plan to stain once deck is completely dry and no rain is in the immediate forecast. Tape off edges as needed and make sure no debris is present. A paint pad or roller can be used to apply stain to the deck, but care should be taken to apply evenly. Solid stains are more forgiving, but uneven application or “touch up” spots will stand out when using semi-transparent stains.
First, keep in mind that prevention goes a long way. Routinely cleaning, sealing and staining your deck will improve the longevity of your deck boards. But if you're at the point where no amount of TLC will rescue the boards, it may be time to replace them. First, inspect the existing frame of your deck to ensure that no joists, beams or posts are rotting, or that any hardware is rusting. If the deck frame is also in poor condition, you may want to consider a full teardown. If not, however, it's time to start removing any damaged deck boards.
If the deck planks were screwed down, you'll just need to remove the screws to pull up damaged deck boards—but if they were nailed down, you'll need to use a circular saw to cut the decking between each joist and pry the short pieces up with a claw hammer or pry bar. Once you've removed the damaged decking, you're ready to start installing your new deck boards.
You should be able to find matching deck boards at a lumber yard or your local home improvement store fairly easily, and even if you can't find an exact match, it's likely you can approximate a similar look through staining.
See also: Deck and Patio Design Ideas
- Decking Materials: Composite Decking
- Decks & Patios: Getting Started
- Deck Designs: Ideas & Pictures
- Decks: Raised vs. Grade-Level
- How to Determine Your Deck Style
- Decking Materials: Know Your Options