DIY Kitchen Cabinets

Learn all of your options for DIY kitchen cabinets, an inexpensive way to make a big impact in your kitchen renovation.
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By: Amy McEvoy

If you are a homeowner with some do-it-yourself carpentry know-how and a tight budget for kitchen renovation, you might want to consider a DIY kitchen cabinet project.

Kitchen Cabinets: Should You Replace or Reface?

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Decisions, Decisions

Whether you're planning a simple kitchen spruce-up or a complete overhaul, deciding what to do about your cabinets is one of the biggest decisions you'll make. New cabinets can take up nearly 50 percent of your total kitchen renovation budget, and functional cabinets can mean the difference between a kitchen that works and one that doesn't. But what if you can't afford to buy all-new cabinets with the latest storage features and styles? Read on for our tips.

Three Ways to Reface

Many homeowners today are saving money by refacing rather than completely replacing their existing kitchen cabinets. There are three primary ways to reface cabinets: 1. Refinish or paint existing cabinet and drawer fronts. 2. Install new wood or laminate veneer over existing cabinet and drawer fronts. 3. Install completely new cabinet doors and drawer fronts.

From: Anthony Carrino and John Colaneri

The Finishing Touch

Deciding which of these three options you choose comes down to budget. However you decide to reface your cabinets, complete the look with all new hardware. Pulls and knobs contribute a lot to your kitchen's style, swapping them out can take your kitchen from traditional to modern.

Beautiful Inside and Out

When refacing the cabinets, consider freshening up the interiors too. They can be sanded, painted or veneered for a completely new look. Adding handy functionality, like pull-out drawers and rotating shelves, is another great option.

Refacing Saves Money and Stress

Fans of refacing say this mini-makeover can give a kitchen a whole new look at a much lower cost than installing all-new cabinets. "Cabinet refacing can save up to 50 percent compared to the cost of replacing," says Cheryl Catalano, owner of Kitchen Solvers, a cabinet refacing franchise in Napierville, Illinois.

From: Anthony Carrino and John Colaneri

Refacing is a Time Saver Too

Cabinet refacing is also a much less involved process than removing old cabinets and installing new ones. "Refacing is an ideal option for many people because of its convenience," says Cheryl. "The process doesn't require removal of the appliances, so the kitchen stays functional while the work is being done."

From: Anthony Carrino and John Colaneri

Consider Quality

Even with the potential cost-savings, however, refacing isn't right for every kitchen remodel. Before making the decision to reface, rather than replace, homeowners need to consider a number of factors, starting with the "bones" of their current kitchen cabinets. "If they are not high-quality cabinets to begin with, it usually makes more sense to replace the entire piece," says Deborah Ramos, an interior designer in St. Petersburg, Florida.

Construction Counts

Lorey Cavanaugh of Kitchen and Bath Design Consultants in Hartford, Conn., agrees. "The old adage about not throwing good money after bad comes into play here," Lorey says. Thoroughly inspect the interiors of your existing cabinets for any signs of water damage from plumbing, excessive wear and tear or faulty construction.

Consider Your Kitchen's Age

Knowing when your kitchen cabinets were originally constructed is another consideration. "Don't spend money to refront products that are truly worn out." Says Gary Reynolds, a cabinet craftsman in North Carolina, "Cabinets built prior to the 1980s were generally built of better materials than newer ones. Back then, 3/4-inch plywood was actually 3/4-inches thick and particle board was used for floor underlayment," explains Gary, who handles both refacing and new cabinet construction.

Another Option: Open Shelving

Another alternative for homeowners with older cabinets in good condition is to remove the doors altogether and convert their existing cabinets to open shelving. Interior shelves can be removed or reconfigured inside the existing cabinet frames for a thoroughly modern and updated look. "With conversion to open shelving there is an opportunity to refinish interiors in another color from the exterior or add beadboard backs," Lorey says.

Know When to Start From Scratch

However, even if your original cabinets are solidly built and in good condition, refacing or converting to open shelving may not be the best option if your current cabinet design or layout isn't efficient or functional. If the cabinets you have now aren't deep enough to hold your saucepans or tall enough to accommodate your cookie trays, replacing them completely may be the better option. "If a homeowner is looking for major design or layout changes, those can be better achieved by starting over," says Gary Reynolds.

New Meets Old

What about a mix-and-match option, where some existing cabinets are rehabbed while others are completely replaced? Experts say this is a practical and cost-saving option many homeowners overlook. "We often leave original glass upper cabinet doors and replace just the base cabinets to improve functionality," says Lorey.

There are lots of ways to update your kitchen, or even build one from scratch using your own skills and some out-of-the-box thinking. In the end, you'll have a kitchen that is unique to your own style and taste.

The main benefit of choosing a DIY kitchen cabinet project is that you will save a ton of money. You'll pay much less for materials and nothing for labor which will dramatically bring the cost of the overall kitchen renovation down.

One way to create DIY kitchen cabinets is to literally build them from scratch using basic woodworking tools, precise measurements, and the lumber or alternative wood material of your choice. If you are planning on building kitchen cabinets from scratch, you will want to do a lot of initial planning including getting precise measurements of your kitchen space, drawing sketches of your new layout, and collecting the tools and materials ahead of time so you have everything you need to make the project a success.

Another small-scale DIY kitchen cabinet project is refinishing or repainting existing cabinet structures in your kitchen. This project is one that can cost even less than replacing existing cabinets, and it can make a huge change in your existing kitchen. The first thing you'll want to do when painting your existing cabinets is to remove and label all cabinet doors. You'll want to make sure you save all the hardware with the cabinets in an organized manner so they function when the doors are reinstalled. Once the doors are off you'll want to sand and clean the doors so as to remove any existing paint or glaze. You will then prime and paint or stain the cabinet doors as well as the cabinet frames still attached to the wall. Painting the insides of the cabinets is entirely optional; if you prefer to skip that step, you can just tape off the edges and paint the outer parts to save time and money.

Applying faux finishes to painted cabinets can also change the look of cabinets with relatively little time or effort. Distressed paint on cabinets is a very popular look in rustic or country kitchens; it's done with just sandpaper or a sander to create a unique look.

Your final DIY kitchen cabinet project will be to replace the hardware on your existing cabinets. This inexpensive re-facing of existing cabinets makes a surprisingly big impact for a very small cost.

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