How to Prepare Your Lawn for Winter

Get your lawn in shape to cope with winter by giving it a little TLC in the fall.

Related To:
raking leaves

raking leaves

raking leaves

Materials Needed

  • rake
  • garden fork or aerator
  • horticulture grade sand
  • broom
  • top dressing (soil)
  • shovel

Step 1: Clear Debris

Clear Leaves and Debris from Lawn with Tined Rake

Clear Leaves and Debris from Lawn with Tined Rake

The first major chore to tackle before winter is raking the last bunch of leaves. Rake the surface firmly to remove any embedded debris or moss.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

A layer of dead grass and other material, known as thatch, can build up on the surface of the soil, impeding drainage, encouraging moss, harboring fungal diseases, and preventing the strong growth of grass. Clear any leaves or other debris from the lawn in fall. Rake the lawn surface firmly to remove any embedded debris or moss.

Step 2: Spike Holes

Use Aerator Over Surface of Lawn for Drainage

Use Aerator Over Surface of Lawn for Drainage

Use a garden fork or special aerator with spikes punching holes all over the lawn to aerate it and improve drainage.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Using a garden fork or a special aerator (as shown here), spike holes into the lawn all over the surface to aerate it and improve drainage.

Step 3: Fill Holes

Brush Dry Sand Into Aerated Lawn for Air Flow

Brush Dry Sand Into Aerated Lawn for Air Flow

Brush dry fine sand into the holes to prevent them from closing up, allowing air and water to pass freely into the root zone. Use horticultural grade sand.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Brush dry fine sand into the holes to prevent them from closing up, allowing air and water to pass freely into the root zone. Only use horticultural grade sand.

Step 4: Spread Top-Dressing

Spread Dry Top Dressing Over Surface of Lawn

Spread Dry Top Dressing Over Surface of Lawn

Spread dry top dressing over the surface of the lawn to help improve drainage and to level out hollows. Use a brush or the back of a rake to work it into the grass evenly.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Spread dry top-dressing over the surface to help improve drainage and to level out hollows. Use a brush or the back of a rake to work it into the grass evenly.

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