How to Treat Your Lawn in the Fall

Keep your lawn healthy in the fall and learn how to repair damaged turf with these step-by-step instructions.
From: DK Books - How to Grow
Similar Topics:

After a summer of heavy use many lawns start showing signs of wear and tear by the end of the season. Early autumn is a great time to repair the damage and to ensure that your turf is in good condition for the year ahead.

Rake Out Moss

Kill off any moss with a lawn moss herbicide before vigorously scratching out dead material (thatch) from the lawn with a spring-tined rake; rent a motorized scarifier for large lawns. Raking improves the look and health of the turf.

Raking Improves Health of Lawn

Raking Improves Health of Lawn

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Aerate the Soil

Open up air channels in a compacted lawn by pushing a border fork into the soil, or use a hollow tiner, which pulls out plugs of soil. Work across the lawn at 4-inch intervals. Repeat this process every two years.

Aerate Compacted Soil with Border Fork

Aerate Compacted Soil with Border Fork

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Apply Top Dressing

After raking and aerating the lawn, work a top dressing into the holes. You can buy this premixed from garden centers and hardware stores, but it's easy and cost effective on large lawns to make your own.

Apply Top Dressing to Aerated Lawn

Apply Top Dressing to Aerated Lawn

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Brush in Dressing

Work in the top dressing thoroughly using a stiff brush or besom, lightly filling the new aeration channels, and covering the ground to encourage strong rooting. Apply it evenly and make sure the grass isn't smothered.

Use Stiff Brush to Work Top Dressing into Lawn

Use Stiff Brush to Work Top Dressing into Lawn

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Feed and Sow

Wearing gloves, apply a granular autumn lawn fertilizer evenly over marked out squares. Water in if no rain falls within three days of applying it. In early autumn, the soil is sufficiently warm and moist to sow grass seed too. Sprinkle seed to match your lawn type at half the recommended rate for new lawns to help thicken up any bald spots.

Spreading Lawn Fertilizer in Autumn

Spreading Lawn Fertilizer in Autumn

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Next Up

Fall Lawn Care: How to Repair After a Drought

Summer can leave lawns hard and patchy. Try these tips for improving a summer-damaged lawn. 

How to Prepare Your Lawn for Winter

Get your lawn in shape to cope with winter by giving it a little TLC in the fall.

Fall Gardening Checklist

Essential chores to get your garden, lawn and tools ready for cooler weather.

Raking Fall Leaves

See why gardening expert Felder Rushing says it's best to rake.

Fall Clean-Up: What to Do When Autumn Leaves Start to Fall

Tips on easy clean-up and ways to recycle.

10 Essential Fall Gardening Tasks to Do Right Now (You'll Be So Glad You Did)

Tackle this list of fall gardening chores, then get back to that hot toddy. You deserve it!

How to Design a Garden With Mums

Make your fall garden glow with jewel-colored mums.

Plan Your Fall Garden

Gayla Trail, the creator of YouGrowGirl.com, answers frequently asked questions and offers gardening advice.

Overwintering and Planting Fall Bloomers

Summer and spring aren't the only seasons for spectacular blooms.

Mums vs. Asters and How To Use Them in Your Landscape

Don't toss those potted mums and asters after they bloom, plant them in your yard.

1,000+ Photos

Browse beautiful photos of our favorite outdoor spaces: decks, patios, porches and more.

Follow Us Everywhere

Join the party! Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds.