10 Tips for Picking Paint Colors

Take your interior from drab to fab with help from an expert.

By: Barbara Jacobs

Headboard decal on wall

Decal Headboard Outline

Why do we find one place appealing and are uneasy in another? Why are we attracted to one product over another? Color—whether architectural or in products—accounts for 60 percent of our response to an object or a place.

The "buzz" about color is usually called "color psychology." But the effects of color are subtle and significant; physical and psychological. Color use is not something that results in a definitive equation between "color and our moods," as is a currently popular expression. Wherever we go we respond to color, but the importance of color is often underestimated. Color use is important to us personally in our homes and in the places where we work.

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Check out our favorite "color of the month" ideas from the past few years.

July 2015: Carnival Red

June 2015: Caribbean Blue

Photo By: Photo Credit: Edward Addeo © Gibbs Smith, Barry Dixon Interiors, Brian D Coleman, Edward Addeo (photographer) View original photo.

April 2015: Wedding Mint

March 2015: Weathered Brass

February 2015: Tangerine (Round Two!)

January 2015: Blue Paisley

December 2014: Lavender

October 2014: Coral (Round Two!)

September 2014: Earl Grey

From

BAMO

August 2014: Watercolor

From

Jane Richardson Mack

July 2014: Stripes

June 2014: Burnt Coral

May 2014: Indigo (Round Two!)

©Rustic White Photography

April 2014: Magnolia

March 2014: Orchid

Photo By: Diana Parriah © York Wallcoverings; 2013

February 2014: Grapefruit

January 2014: Lemon Zest

December 2013: Copper

© 2013, DIY Network/Scripps Networks, LLC. All Rights Reserved. View original photo.

November 2013: Paprika

October 2013: Eggplant

September 2013: Apple Green

August 2013: Watermelon

July 2013: Peach

June 2013: Paradise Blue

May 2013: Whisper Gray

April 2013: Raspberry

March 2013: Carrot

February 2013: Robin's Egg Blue

January 2013: Gold

December 2012: Icy Purple

November 2012: Chestnut Brown

October 2012: Bright Red

September 2012: Emerald Green

From

Andrea Schumacher

August 2012: White

July 2012: Driftwood Gray

June 2012: Neon

May 2012: Navy (Round Two!)

April 2012: Coral

March 2012: Copper

February 2012: Mint Green

January 2012: Pink Champagne

December 2011: Electric Grape

November 2011: Marigold

October 2011: Teal

September 2011: Indigo

August 2011: Chrome Yellow

And

John Colaneri

July 2011: Lime Green

June 2011: Cerise

May 2011: Regatta Blue

April 2011: Violet

March 2011: Aqua

February 2011: Tangerine

January 2011: Pantone's Silver Peony

From

Erinn Valencich

December 2010: Navy

November 2010: Plum

From

Claire Paquin

October 2010: Peacock Blue

September 2010: Persimmon

August 2010: Chartreuse

Start Small

If you're not sure where to begin with color, experiment in a powder room or bathroom, a small hall or area between rooms, or an accent wall. If you're doing your own painting, pick an area that's quick to do so you can see your results sooner, and be happy with it or change it. Look at the process as an adventure.

To get started, select a favorite color drawn from artwork, a rug, dishes and an accessory or furniture piece as a main color or accent.

Brown Living Room With Yellow Accents and White Sofa

Brown Contemporary Living Room With White Sofa

From

Troy Beasley

Think About Your Mood

When selecting a color, consider the mood of a room. In a bedroom do you want the feeling to be restful and soothing or dramatic and intimate? Soft, cool colors and neutrals usually create a quieter feeling while stronger colors are for drama.

Do you want a dining area to feel sociable and stimulating or appear formal and quiet? Warmer, contrasting and somewhat brighter colors add to a sociable atmosphere; deeper blue-greens and neutrals will give a more formal ambiance.

Do you want kid's rooms to create an active and exciting energy or an orderly and restful feeling? Be careful not to overstimulate your children with intensely bright hues. You may not know it, but some brighter colors can lead to unrest and irritability.

Pay Attention to Lighting

The reason why paint stores have light boxes for you to test paint chips:

  • Natural daylight shows the truest color;
  • Incandescent lighting brings out warm tones and yellows;
  • Fluorescent lighting casts a sharp blue tone.

So, a strong color might be too bright and overpowering when used on all walls or next to a large window, but it might be effective when used as an accent wall with indirect light.

Red Asian Living Space With Neutral Furniture

Modern Asian Living Room With Beige Sectional and Red Wall

Design by Andreas Charalambous

Learn the Color Terms

It helps to understand the terminology used to describe color.

  • Hue is what we call a color. Red is the hue; blue is the hue.
  • The value of the hue is how light or dark it is.
  • Saturation refers to how dominant the hue is. As we go from red to pink, the red hue becomes less dominant.
  • Intensity is the brilliance of the color. The pure colors such as red are more intense than the combined colors such as yellow-green. A stronger intense color usually has a more dominant hue.

If you want a more active space, consider introducing stronger, more intense color. Even if you want a light-colored room, choose colors that are slightly more saturated than off-white or light pastel. Very light color can feel bright and stark when it appears on all surfaces in a room. However, two or more medium-light, closely related pastel colors can create a luminous effect when used in the same room.

Green Living Room With Draperies, Ornate Fireplace and Fuchsia Chairs

Chartreuse Living Room With Traditional Charm

Design by Shelly Riehl David

Test Your Color Choice

Boost your confidence by testing colors on poster board or large areas of a wall. Don't be afraid to go beyond your comfort zone: Consider strong, vivid colors or soft, deep neutrals like chocolate brown or olive green as main or accent colors. Or add drama with a stronger color on the ceiling. Tinted ceilings can dramatically change the whole look of a room.

Green Walls In a Living Room With Black and White Details.

Deep Green Glaze

Design by Sherrill Canet

Add Depth With Decorative Finishes

Transform flat, dull walls into interesting and personal spaces with subtle or dramatic visual texture and broken color. Burnished mineral/metal finishes and layered colored glazes add depth. Some examples of softly reflective metals are mica, copper, pewter, bronze and, of course, antiqued silver and gold.

Design by Payton Addison

Walk Into Another Room

Consider walls as planes of color, and see how they interact when viewing one next to the other in adjacent rooms. Approach it like a composition: You're in one room, but you're going to see a piece of another room through it. So as you're choosing colors, consider how they will flow from room to room to create your picture.

Open Green Living Room

Open Green Living Room

From

Amy Bubier

Design by Amy Bubier

Follow the Color Wheel

A small color wheel is a great reference tool for modifying and intensifying two or more colors. For example, red and green, which are complementary (opposite) colors, are most intense when used together. You may be surprised at how many combinations function beautifully together, and you may even become attracted to entirely new color palettes. The color wheel also illustrates the visual temperature of a color. Draw a line from the yellow-green mark on the color wheel all the way down to the red-violet; you'll see that all the colors on the left are warm and the colors on the right are cool.

Blue and Orange Living Room Area

Color Rules for Small Spaces

Number one color rule for a small space? There are no rules! Mixing colors can help bring a personal touch to your space.

Play Up Monochromatic Schemes

Think one color is boring? Create bold or subtle variations within one color group with contrasting paint finishes. For example, use closely related colors, or try a single color in different finishes, for walls and trim in one space.

For an accent color, select a warmer (more toward reds) or cooler (more toward blues) color to complement your main color group. For a quieter ambience, make sure your colors are not extremely bright. White or an off-white tint can be a striking accent when used as trim with a monochromatic color group.

Design by Nicole Sassaman

Choose Different Paint Finishes

A single color used on walls and trim takes on new significance when applied in different finishes. For example, wall and trim colors can remain the same hue, but use an eggshell (matte and less reflective) finish on walls and a satin or semigloss on trim. The color will appear slightly different on each surface. It's a good way to create a cohesive look in rooms with many windows and doors, and relatively little wall area.

Gray Walls with Different Paint Finishes

Choose Different Paint Finishes

Design by Lori Dennis

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