Repotting an Overgrown Shrub

All permanent shrubs need repotting into a bigger container. This gives the roots space to grow and an energizing "meal" of fresh potting mix.
Repot Permanent Shrubs for Continued Root Growth

Repot Permanent Shrubs for Continued Root Growth

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

From: DK Books - Containers for Patios

Remove the Plant

Lay the pot on its side, ask someone to hold it and gently ease out the plant by pulling its stem. If you’re in danger of damaging the plant, or it is stuck, slide a long kitchen knife around the insides of the pot to free the root ball.

Lay Plant on Side to Ease it Out of Container

Lay Plant on Side to Ease it Out of Container

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Pry Out the Roots

The roots will probably be in a tightly congested lump, in which case use a hand fork to pry out the encircling growth and shake off the old dead soil and surface moss. Aim to create an open spread of roots.

Shake Out Soil From Root Bound Plant

Shake Out Soil From Root Bound Plant

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Cut the Main Anchoring Roots

Cut back the main thick anchoring roots by up to one-third, but leave the thin, fibrous roots unpruned. Pruning promotes the growth of more thin roots, which absorb moisture and nutrients.

Trimming Roots

Trimming Roots

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Place New Plant

Replace the old crocks in the base of the new, bigger pot, pour in some potting mix and position the plant. Once the plant is centered and upright, pour in more potting mix, firming it down, and water in well. Top off with gravel.

Adding Fresh Soil to a Potted Tree

Adding Fresh Soil to a Potted Tree

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Next Up

Planting a Shrub

Use these step-by-step instructions to easily plant an evergreen shrub.

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Containers aren't just for summer flowers; displays for fall and winter often last longer and help brighten up the cold, dark months when viewed from the warmth of your kitchen or living room.

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If you decide that a shrub is in the wrong place, you can simply move it.

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This evergreen shrub works well in a perennial border or in a butterfly garden.

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Modern patio roses bloom for many months and allow gardeners with limited space to enjoy their color and fragrance. Look for roses labeled "patio" or "miniature" and place containers in the sun.

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When you prune a shrub depends mostly on when it blooms. Here are the basics of pruning woody plants.

Plants on the Move

Master gardener Paul James gives tips on transplanting trees and shrubs.

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With its fragrant and colorful blossoms (ranging from red to yellow), witch hazel is quickly gaining popularity in winter landscapes all across North America.

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