Define Your Outdoor Space With a Garden Fence

Discover the materials and design that will work best for your garden boundary, whether it is a fence, wall or hedge.

Lush Plantings Soften Lines of Garden Wall

Lush Plantings Soften Lines of Garden Wall

A garden bench sits in front of a brick wall that has been softened with lush plantings blurring the lines to create a soothing country cottage setting.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

The role of a boundary in a garden is to define a space, whether that’s the whole plot or an area within it. They have many functions, from providing privacy and intimacy to forming the backbone of the entire garden design. A brick wall, garden fence, gate, hedges and trellis are all options for creating the boundary you desire. 

Why Build a Boundary?

Dividing spaces often makes them seem larger, especially when the different areas are then given a specific use, such as for formal dining or as a play area for children. You don’t need tall barriers to create the divisions – you can achieve the same effect with low walls, woven screens, and see-through planting. The idea is merely to suggest a space and purpose. Using screens also means that the divisions are temporary and can change as your need for different spaces evolves. 

Setting Limits

Garden boundaries have the fundamental task of containing the site and providing a physical barrier to intruders, prying eyes, and the weather. In most gardens they are highly visible and form the backdrop to everything else. When designing with boundaries, there are two approaches: either try to blend them in, or make a feature of them. Once in place, the materials and style you choose are hard to change, so design your boundaries carefully. 

Beyond the Boundaries

Garden boundaries don’t have to block views or be continuous and unbroken, and can be used to lead the eye to specific features. Niches clipped into hedges provide a prime spot for a statue, while trellis panels inserted into fences can reveal a neighboring focal point. Alter the height along the length of your boundaries to give a varying sense of enclosure and openness. Gates don’t just provide access, they can also be used to frame views in or out of the garden and can be made features in their own right. 

Within the garden, leave gaps in divides and screens to give a taste of what lies beyond. This will also allow you to take full advantage of garden features by enabling them to be enjoyed from different angles. Be creative with the design of your garden, and consider how and from where you will view its features.

Materials to Consider

When deciding on what materials to use for garden boundaries, it is important to consider the overall design first. Aesthetically, natural materials suit traditional designs better but can look out of place in contemporary plans, and vice versa. On a practical level, think about durability and what the boundary is for. If it’s intended to keep people out or to act as a windbreak, you’ll need something sturdy. Likewise, if your garden is exposed to the elements, even temporary internal dividers will need to be fairly robust. Maintenance is also a factor. Hedges need trimming regularly in the summer, and fences last longer if treated every year. Even walls need looking after.

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