Kitchen Cabinet Refacing
Get all the info you'll need on kitchen cabinet refacing, and ensure your kitchen cabinet makeover will be a stylish success.
If you're contemplating a kitchen makeover, but don't want to break the bank on brand new cabinets, you'll want to explore your options for kitchen cabinet refacing. In many cases, refacing your kitchen cabinets can give them a "like new" appearance, or even create a whole new style aesthetic for your kitchen.
Project Cost and Timeline
While estimates for brand-new custom cabinets start at $12,000, this DIY refinishing project cost $200 in supplies. If tackling a project yourself, it's best to allow two full weekends to complete. Homeowners interested in hiring a cabinet refinishing professional (for kitchens 200-square-feet or smaller) should expect to spend between $900 and $3,000 for labor and transportation costs.
Label With Tape
One of the biggest problems homeowners face when reinstalling cabinet door fronts is determining which door goes with which opening. Although doors may appear to be the same size, many vary by as much as 1/4 inch. To avoid confusion, label each cabinet opening and door front with corresponding numbers marked on painter's tape. Remove the labels before spraying cabinet door fronts and casings with primer and paint, then replace once dry to prepare for reinstallation.
Lightly Sand Surfaces
Sanding is important for several reasons. First, it removes any existing sheen or protective sealant from cabinet drawer and door fronts, allowing primer and paint to bond effectively to the surface. Once applied to areas prepped with wood filler or putty, it also helps to smooth out any existing scratches, dings or nicks. Fine-grit sanding blocks or pads work best for most cabinet and drawer fronts; however, rough-grit sandpaper is suitable for cabinet and drawer fronts with heavy layers of lacquer or shellac.
Invest in Primer
Professional painters use stain-blocking primer not only to create an effective bonding surface for paint, but also to reduce the number of coats. Homeowners using light colors will likely require one coat each of primer and paint. Those using dark or bold shades of paint should opt for a tinted primer. To create a tinted primer, a paint technician adds a base similar in tone to the paint, ensuring efficient coverage.
Use an HVLP Paint Sprayer
Homeowners can achieve two different looks with painted cabinets: a sprayed, factory-like finish, or a hand-painted finish with prominent brush strokes. The latter requires a steady hand and great patience, but a sprayed finish is the result of a high-volume, low-pressure (HVLP) paint sprayer. These can be rented from most home improvement stores for about $100 per day. Paint is loaded into a container attached to a spray gun. Once filled, it sprays a fine mist of paint in an even stream, resulting in a clean, even finish. For the smoothest coverage, hold the tip of the spray gun at least 8 inches from the surface of the cabinets and apply using a controlled back-and-forth motion.
Mark With a Jig
Jigs and multimark tools are excellent for seamlessly installing hardware. Similar to rulers or protractors, these small tools come with pre-drilled holes or, alternatively, can be set to different positions with a small dial. Once the desired dimensions are set, the jig or multimark tool can be placed along the edge of each cabinet or drawer front, then marked with a pencil. Since the dimensions are predetermined, the markings will remain consistent as the tool is used for each door and drawer front.
It's likely that door and drawer fronts will be nicked, scraped or scratched during transport. Once all door and drawer fronts are installed, any small imperfections should be touched up with a detail brush. If touchup is attempted with a basic paintbrush, a blemish will likely result, making the finish appear uneven or blotchy.
Playing with hardware size and scale is a great way to add designer flair to cabinets. Consider varying sizes of door and drawer pulls, yet sticking with similar styles and finishes. Here the pulls used on the door fronts are 3 inches in width, while the drawer pulls are 7 inches wide. Paired with small cabinet pulls, the extra-wide drawer pulls help to visually anchor the cabinets.
Your first step in refacing the cabinets is to attach clean plywood to the exposed cabinet sides. After cleaning and sanding the sides, apply the correctly sized plywood piece with carpenter's glue. Secure the plywood with finish nails, sink the nail heads, then fill the holes with wood filler.
Next, apply the veneer you've chosen. The key here is to measure properly, and then go slowly when applying. First, measure the stiles (vertical frame) and rails (horizontal frame). Then use a straightedge and a utility knife to cut the veneer into strips that are ½ inch wider and 2 inches longer than each stile and rail. Cut the veneer so the wood grain always runs lengthwise. Hold the veneer strip up to a stile and align it so it overlaps all edges, then peel away the self stick backing and press the veneer into place, slowly working down the stile. Smooth the veneer with a wood block or other flat, hard object to work out any air bubbles.
Next, use your utility knife to trim the excess veneer from the sides of the stile or rail. When trimming at the joint between two cabinets, use a straightedge as a guide.
Your other option for refacing is to strip wood cabinets of their stain, sand down to bare wood, and finish the cabinets with new stain or paint. This is a more labor-intensive process, but it's a viable option if a press-on veneer isn't appealing to you.
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