How to Propagate with Hardwood Cuttings

Use this propagation method for deciduous trees, shrubs, roses, and climbers.

Keep Newly Planted Apple Tree Moist

Keep Newly Planted Apple Tree Moist

Water newly planted apple tree well and top off with mulch, leaving a space around the stem. Never allow soil to dry out, but do not over water either. Cut out dead or diseased wood immediately.

©2012, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2012, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Step 1: Make a Trench

Take Hardwood Cuttings by Trimming Stem at Angle

Take Hardwood Cuttings by Trimming Stem at Angle

Make all cuts just above a leaf node where the leaf comes out of the stem. Take the hardwood cuttings from upright growing stems at the center of the shrub or evergreen. Cut one end at an angle, so it can be identified as the bottom end.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Make a V-shaped trench, 8 in (20 cm) deep, adding horticultural sand if drainage is poor. Remove a long stem, then cut it into lengths of about 9 in (23 cm), pruning the bottom below a bud and the top just above another bud, with a sloping cut to distinguish it. Remove any leaves and sideshoots.

Step 2: Backfill with Soil

Taking Hardwood Cuttings

Taking Hardwood Cuttings

For hardwood cuttings, insert them upright 4-6 inches apart. Keep enough buds above ground so new shoots can sprout. Backfill with soil and firm in.

©2008, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2008, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Insert the cuttings upright 4–6 in (10–15 cm) apart along the trench, with enough buds above the surface to form a few shoots. Backfill around them with soil and gently firm, then label and water well. Root less hardy plants, such as perovskia, hibiscus, and cistus, in pots in an unheated greenhouse until spring. Trim cuttings to 3–4 in (8–10 cm), insert with the top bud just above the surface, and keep moist. Plant out next fall.

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