Controlling Whiteflies and Aphids

Find tips here for keeping these common pests at bay.

Aphids on Rosebud

Aphids on Rosebud

Photo by: Shutterstock/Floki

Shutterstock/Floki

Tools and Materials

  • Pruners
  • Yellow sticky traps
  • Insecticidal spray: soap, horticultural oil, neem
  • Hand sprayer
  • Hose

Step 1: An Aphid's Life

Aphids like the low light levels and cool conditions of spring and fall. They will attack all plant parts but prefer young, succulent growth. There are many species of aphids, some named after the plants they attack, such as pea aphids and peach aphids. In general, all are small (1/16 to 1/4 inch long) and oval-shaped, and can be black, white, green or pink. Although most aren't very mobile, some forms have wings. All reproduce quickly, and under the right conditions a small number can bloom into a major infestation in no time. By sucking plant juices from leaves and stems, they weaken the plant. More seriously, they can transmit virus diseases that gradually debilitate and kill some plants.

Step 2: A Whitefly's Life

In cold-winter climates, whiteflies are mostly greenhouse or indoor pests, but they can be found in the garden. In mild-winter climates with no winter cold to kill them, whiteflies are serious outdoor pests. In recent years in the Southwest, pests such as the silverleaf whitefly have been among the most damaging to agriculture.

Adult whiteflies hide and feed on the undersides of leaves. They are most noticeable when you rustle the leaves and a cloud of tiny white specks emerges into the air like "plant dandruff," as some gardeners aptly describe them.

Like aphids, whiteflies reproduce quickly, laying white eggs that hatch into white crawlers on the undersides of leaves. Whiteflies thrive in sunny, warm conditions. The crawlers and adult flies suck plant juices, weakening the plants.

Step 3: Aphid and Whitefly Controls

The first line of defense is prevention. Check plants regularly. Avoid high-nitrogen fertilizers, which create young, succulent growth which these insects love. Isolate infested plants from others and control the pests aggressively.

For whiteflies, hang yellow traps coated with a sticky substance close to the tops of plants. Whiteflies are attracted to the color yellow, and once they land will be stuck and die. Hand-crush small populations of young aphids and whiteflies. Encourage natural enemies in the garden, such as ladybugs and lacewings, by planting diversity of plants and not spraying pesticides. As a last resort, use low-toxic sprays such as insecticidal soap, horticultural oil, and neem to reduce populations before they get out of hand. Repeat treatments every few days until the problem is under control.

Keep Reading

Next Up

How to Keep Yellow Jackets Away

How to avoid this wasp in bee’s clothing.

Kudzu Bugs

These international stowaways are causing problems in American gardens.

Cool Weather and Indoor Insects

Find out how to prevent infestation during the off season.

Tell Spider Mites to Bug Off

Spider mites flourish in warm, dry conditions so water plants regularly to safeguard against infestation.

Yellow Jackets

Get tips for finding — and eliminating — yellow jackets before they find you.

Aphids 411: How to Beat Them in the Garden

Aphids are literally born pregnant and a few dozen aphids will breed into thousands in a matter of weeks.

Q&A: Cucumber Beetles

Here's a tip on how to get rid of cucumber beetles.

Voracious Japanese Beetles

These little critters are a gardener’s worst nightmare, devouring more than 300 varieties of plants.

How to Keep Squirrels Away From Your Garden

Tips for keeping these interlopers out.

Squash Bugs in the Garden

Early detection of a squash bug problem is essential for preserving crops. Once an infestation is underway, management is difficult.

Follow Us Everywhere

Join the party! Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds.