Types of Herbs

Herbs are a simple and flavorful way to add spice to a wealth of delicious recipes.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

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©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

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©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

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©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

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©2012, Dorling Kindersley Limited

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Dill: Both Productive and Decorative in the Garden

Dill is a popular herb in the kitchen, flavoring everything from pickles to fish. One of the benefits of growing dill is that both the leaves and seeds of dill weed plants are edible. The best way to grow dill is directly from seeds.

Chives: Grasslike Ornamental Perennial Herb

Chives are a hardy perennial herb with a mild onion taste making it an essential culinary herb. The beautiful pink flower heads are a nice addition to salads and vinegars. Chives are perfect in any garden setting as an ornamental, too.

Parsley: Grown for Tasty Leaves

Parsley can be planted as an edible edging to a garden bed or landscape. Curled parsley has a more ruffled appearance than flat leafed parsley, but both are equally lush. Gather parsley stems and leaves as needed for culinary uses.

Rosemary: Only Half-Hardy

Half-hardy plants, such as rosemary, are those that can't survive temperatures much below freezing.

Thyme: Low-Growing Evergreen Perennial

Fast, low growing evergreen thyme is  valued for its fragrant foliage. It hugs the ground, making it an excellent choice to plant between pavers or as an evergreen ground cover. Easy to grow in ordinary, well-drained soil.

Ginger Mint: Leaves Produce Spicy Mint Scent

Ginger mint has oval leaves with a spicy mint scent that goes well with vegetables and fruit.

Coriander and Cilantro

Coriander is considered both an herb and a spice since both its leaves and its seeds are used as a seasoning condiment. It is a popular ingredient in Asian and Latin American cuisine. Cilantro, fresh coriander leaves, have a strong fragrance and taste. Cilantro bolts quickly in the heat, so plant in the spring or fall. To harvest coriander, cut off the seed heads once the plant browns and place in a paper bag until the seeds dry.

Sage: Evergreen Shrubby Herb Grows in Sunny Spot

Sage is an evergreen perennial with a compact dense growing habit. The large oval leaves turn soft fuzzy gray as they age. A culinary herb plant and aromatic addition to a sunny garden border.

Bay: Reliable Hardy Evergreen Shrub

Bay laurel is most known for its dark green, glossy leaves with spicy, pungent flavor. Plant it in an attractive tub or container plant for the patio. Dry the bay laurel leaves for seasoning culinary dishes.

Oregano: Good for Pots or Border Edgings

Oregano, or marjoram, well thrive in well drained soil, and appears year after year. Easy to grow and to use in the kitchen, its rounded, yellow green leaves and low busy habit, make it ideal for pots or as a bush edging.

Tarragon: Spreading Perennial Herb

Tarragon is a perennial herb cultivated for its aromatic, licorice flavored leaves. Tarragon, as a seasoning, is most often used in salads, seasoning mixes and vinegars. It has a strong flavor, with French tarragon being the most highly regarded.

Basils: Produce Aromatic Leaves and Stems

Basil is a an annual herb closely identified with Italian cooking. There are dozens of different basil varieties, some with the familiar lemony tang and others with spicy and exotic scents and flavors. They all grow easily in warm, sunny weather.

Basil Mint: Easy to Grow Herb in Summer Garden

Basil mint is an easy herb to grow. Dry the beautiful, scented flowers or use the leaves in a favorite pesto recipe. Harvest throughout the summer. After the last cutting, let the flowers bloom and dry them for ornamental use.

Salvia Icterina: Try in a Mixed Herb Bed

Salvia officinalis Icterina, or Golden sage, goes beyond the use as a culinary herb. As an ornamental plant its foliage is outstanding in the garden. Its woolly, aromatic foliage has yellow and green variegation.

Tricolor Sage: Colorful Addition to Herb Garden

This decorative herb 'Tricolor' is an attractive form of common sage that looks and tastes good, with cream, green, and pink variegated leaves. It needs winter protection.

Lemon Balm

Lemon balm is a fragrant addition to an herb garden.

Moroccan Mint: Grows Best in Confined Area

Moroccan mint grows as a perennial and is a considered an herb. It grows best over several years. Like all mints, Moroccan Mint, should be confined to a pot. Mints grow better in pots with lots of surface area rather than lots of depth.

Pineapple Mint: Has Pleasant Flavor

Pineapple mint has green and white variegated leaves, making it a pretty herb to grow in the garden and perfect as a food garnish. A perennial plant, it produces long spikes of pale white or cream flowers with a pleasant pineapple flavor.

Golden Marjoram: Attracts Bees and Other Insects

Golden marjoram, or oregano, is a summer flowering, aromatic perennial and subshrub. Used as culinary herbs, it also grows well in a rock garden or border. It attracts bees, butterflies, and other insects.

Golden Lemon Thyme

Golden lemon thyme is a variegated form of lemon thyme with golden edged leaves. It is colorful and surprisingly fragrant of lemons. Lemon thyme is particularly good for fish and chicken.

Flat Leaf Parsley: Used as Garnish on Foods

Italian parsley, sometimes known as flat leaf parsley, is a green herb with serrated leaves and a clean, slightly peppery taste. Its flavor is stronger than that of its ruffled cousin, curly leaf parsley. It is often used as a garnish.

Bay Trees: For Lollipop Shapes in Garden

Laurus nobilis is the herb bay.  Its bushy form is often used for a lollipop shape or a pyramid in an herb garden.

Pots Keep Herbs Handy

Herbs are excellent as container plants. Place several pots near the kitchen to make harvesting fresh herbs easy. 

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