7 Ways to Insulate Windows During the Winter

Stay warm by learning how to eliminate drafts and improve window insulation. Plastic window insulation kits and other creative solutions will reduce your heating bills and help save energy.

February 02, 2022

When outdoor temperatures plummet, it’s not uncommon to notice cold air drafts in unexpected areas. You may notice that your home feels cooler than usual despite having the heat up or detect bursts of air around your door frames and windows when the wind gusts. Fortunately, if you catch these drafts early, you can take steps to improve your window insulation, save energy and keep your family comfortable all winter long.



A group of elementary aged kids sit on the back of their living room couch, watching the winter snowflakes fall on their yard and trees. Washington State, USA.

Photo by: Getty Images

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The U.S. Department of Energy educates homeowners about energy-saving opportunities. As the experts, they help explain why windows, doors and skylights offer the most opportunity for heat loss. Drafts can be caused by heat transfer through the glass, glazing or framing; thermal radiation from room-temperature objects, such as exterior walls and windows; or air leakage due to a difference in pressure indoors and out. All homeowners should take extra efforts to insulate doors and seal windows during the winter.

Improving the thermal resistance of the [window] can contribute to a window's overall energy efficiency, particularly its heat loss rate or U-factor,” says the U.S. Department of Energy. “U-factor is the rate at which a window, door or skylight transmits non-solar heat flow. The lower the U-factor, the more energy-efficient the window, door or skylight.”

There are a variety of winter window insulators available in stores to meet your needs, as well as DIY solutions that can also stop drafts and save energy.

As you’re considering your fix, take an audit of your windows, surrounding trim and window seals so you can narrow down what type of solution will offer the best cure on a cold day.



Photo by: Getty Images

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Window Insulation Film

Large windows can always benefit from an extra layer of protection against the elements. Vinyl window insulator kits can be used on any size window and can improve efficiency for both single pane and double-pane windows. Though these store-bought kits can only be used once and are discarded when the weather improves, they work well while being transparent and minimally disruptive to the look of your home. They offer nearly no interruption to line-of-sight or natural daylight.

Many homeowners and renters like window insulation kits because they’re easy to find and affordable. The vinyl window insulation film sheets are sold in large sizes but can also be trimmed to fit smaller windows. They’re also available in multi-packs so that it’s convenient to seal many windows with the purchase of a single kit. The insulating shrink film affixes to the window trim with adhesive strips and is sealed in place with a hot hairdryer for a wrinkle-free finish.

Cost: Less than $30
Try this: Duck Window Insulator 10-Pack



Photo by: Getty Images

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Bubble Wrap

Similar in concept to vinyl insulation film, you can improve the U-factor of your windows by covering them with sheets of bubble wrap. The layers of plastic contain the effects of thermal radiation and act as an extra layer of glass. Though its bubbly construction obscures line of sight out a window, it still allows natural daylight to flow into a home during the cold months. Also unlike insulation film, it is more earth-friendly in that it can be stored and reused year after year.

Cost: Less than $25
Try this: Cushioned Bubble Wrap



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Weather Sealing Foam Tape

Rolls of weather-sealing foam come in handy if you need to fill gaps in a closed window. The compressible, high-density foam can be purchased in a variety of thicknesses to accommodate medium and large gaps between 7/16-inch down to 1/8-inch. Backed with adhesive, the foam is easy to install and remains securely in position.

In many applications, the foam tape can be left installed year-round to provide added insulation during the summer months. It may eventually show signs of deterioration, but it is an affordable product that can help seal a window for many years.

Cost: Less than $10
Try this: Frost King Sponge Rubber Foam Tape



Photo by: Getty Images

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A bead of caulk can be used to insulate a window anywhere that the window meets the trim work. If you notice drafts around the perimeter of your window or where the trim meets the drywall, use an exterior-grade caulk to seal openings and eliminate gaps.

Cost: Less than $10
Try this: Siliconized Acrylic Caulk



Photo by: Getty Images

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Window Glazing Compound

Older windows with single-pane glass need to be reglazed as part of their regular maintenance. If you have single-pane windows in your home and can feel drafts between the glass and the trim, or notice that the glass panes rattle loosely when tapped, take efforts to make repairs.

If you’re noticing that repairs are necessary in the middle of the winter, cut yourself some slack, put up a temporary plastic window seal, and add glazing to your to-do list for the springtime. It’s easiest to apply the glazing compound at above-freezing temperatures, and often, it’s also easier to remove the glass for maintenance. With a little patience, this is a DIY chore that you can learn to do on your own.

Cost: Less than $15
Try this: #33 Window Glazing Compound

Draft Stoppers

When drafts are isolated to the bottom of the window, many homeowners skip the weather-sealing foam strips and opt for draft stoppers. The best store-bought options are sold for both windows and doors. They are double-sided insulators and are constructed using two foam cylinders that fit parallel in a fabric sleeve. The foam cylinders can be cut to fit the width of your window and be positioned on the inside and outside of the window rail to serve as a double barrier preventing drafts.

Considering the simplicity of the design, it’s no surprise that DIY solutions are also abundant. To improve the insulation along the bottom of a window, you can fill a narrow tube of fabric with rice and reuse it year after year as a weatherproofing barrier.

Cost: $20 per window, or less than $10 for a DIY solution
Try this: Double-Sided Draft Blocker Guard or a Draft Stop Cloth Seal

Thermal Window Coverings

In addition to all the store-bought solutions available for insulating windows, don’t lose sight of the fact that your everyday window coverings also improve the energy efficiency of your home during the winter. Fabric window treatments such as thermal curtains and honeycomb blinds can be used year-round to reduce drafts and stabilize your environment.

Though high-quality window coverings come with an investment, you can expect them to last for years.

Cost: Less than $50 per window
Try this: Honeycomb Window Shade or Thermal Insulated Window Curtains



Photo by: Levolor


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