Pneumatic Tools vs. Electric
What are the advantages and disadvantages of pneumatic tools vs. electric tools? Understand the key differences and how to choose what’s right for you.
When it comes to electric versus pneumatic tools there are dramatic differences in strength, cost and conveniences. They both also have their own limitations; pneumatics require an air compressor to deliver power to the tool, and electrics need a cord or a battery. Choosing the best tool for the job will largely depend on your specific application, but here are the basics for making your choice.
One of the first considerations when trying to decide between electric and pneumatic tools is how much strength is needed to get the job done. If you’re punching a hole into a brick wall or cutting through a piece of steel, it’s important to have a tool that delivers plenty of torque and won’t bog down under a heavy load. Pneumatic tools are generally very strong and can routinely deliver a tremendous amount of torque when attached to an air compressor capable of keeping up. This is why it’s a popular choice in automotive shops for removing things like rusty bolts or lug nuts on tires. However, electric tools are gaining ground in the area of strength. With the vast improvements in cordless power packs and tool design, electric tools are, in many instances, able to keep up with pneumatic tools. Electric impact guns can deliver an incredible amount of torque that was nearly impossible a few years ago. The advances in electric technology will continue to allow electric tools to catch up with the power of pneumatics.
While it’s true that “you’ll get what you pay for” when buying any tool, it’s important to know exactly what your particular needs are. Overspending on any tool that will see a low amount of use or short duty-cycles is a waste of your hard-earned money. Here’s how to make a budget-balanced decision when it comes to pneumatic vs. electric tools. Pneumatic tools themselves are relatively inexpensive compared to their electric counterparts. However, all pneumatic tools require one major investment: a good air compressor. Air compressors can take up a large amount of space, they’re noisy and they’re the one expensive and unavoidable accessory for your tools. Along with the various hoses, fittings and regulators, setting your shop up for air tools can be pricey. The upside to this is that air tools generally have fewer moving parts, are easy to care for and tend to last a lifetime. Electric tools have the distinct advantage of having a built-in power supply. When coupled with a battery, the electric tool offers the most freedom to go anywhere around the house without the need for a cord or an air hose. Those conveniences and freedoms do come at a price, as electric tools tend to be more expensive than their air-driven siblings.
The less practical aspect of pneumatic tools is the mandatory air compressor. For bigger jobs it’s tough to move it around, makes a ton of noise and still requires electricity to run. Thankfully, all pneumatic tools use the same style fittings, so you can buy different brands of tools without having to worry about it being compatible with your compressor. Air tools require occasional oiling to keep them from rusting inside, and your air compressor will require occasional draining and lubrication as well. Electric tools are super easy to maintain, extremely quiet, require little knowledge to operate and are highly portable. However, every manufacturer makes their own batteries, and it’s not possible to share one brand’s power packs with another. This forces you to buy tools in the same brand family or try to keep up with charging multiple types of batteries. Manufacturers also have a bad habit of discontinuing your style of battery, forcing you to replace the tool after a number of years.
The jury will be out on this one for a long time. The constant technological improvements have made both types of tools more versatile and user-friendly. The cost of high-powered electronic tools continues to decrease, and more people are purchasing air compressors as they too become more affordable. Choosing the right tool simply boils down to the types of projects you enjoy, your budget and what you’re most comfortable with.