Hardscape Design Ideas
Get ready to create the outdoor space of your dreams with these handy hardscape design ideas.
As you consider deck and patio design ideas, keep in mind that you can add tremendous appeal and value to your outdoor living space with hardscaping. And many new hardscape design ideas can help inspire you to create the space you've always dreamed of.
Embrace Your Home's Style
For her own front yard, designer Margie Grace of Grace Design Associates Inc. matched the hardscape to her home's architectural syle for a cozy cottage garden. To keep the yard low maintenance she laid a large patio using Arizona flagstones, then filled the rest of the space with lush flower beds. A reclaimed concrete bowl is transformed into a water feature that brings the sound of rain to the garden.
Use Your Imagination
An outdoor getaway is the perfect place to flex your creativity. Designer Matt Partridge of Juergen Partridge Limited suggests thinking of a place that inspires you — maybe a luxury resort you stayed at on your honeymoon or even just a photo you saw online or in a magazine — decide which elements you like best and incorporate those into your design. For this backyard, Patridge designed it to resemble a Caribbean resort. Separate destinations, from the pavilions to the pool, provide many features for the family to enjoy.
A fireplace takes an outdoor living space from typical to luxurious. It's the perfect gathering spot for adults and kids, whether they're cozying up on a cool evening or roasting marshmallows. Designer Heather Lashbrook Jones of a Blade of Grass Landscape Design uses American and Corinthian granite to create this custom fireplace.
Create Go-To Destinations
Designed by Scott Cohen of The Green Scene this backyard has an oasis-like feel. Located below the infinity edge pool is a lounge-like seating area, which can only be reached by walking over the concrete stepping pads. Water spills over the stacked stone wall creating the sound of rain sticks.
Leisurely Walk Through
This sunken garden is designed in a formal style with stucco perimeter walls in quadrants. Because the garden's grade drops three steps, proper drainage is a must. Designer Margie Grace of Grace Design Associates Inc. added a runnel down the stairs leading to a one-of-a-kind water feature she created from a big copper syrup kettle. "In every space, add something to make people want to linger," recommends Grace.
Work With the Natural Setting
Make the most of your outdoor space by working with the surroundings. The lines of this garden and structures are geometric closer to the house and become wavy and organic as the cultivated areas blend into the natural forest. Design by Juergen Partridge Limited
Don't Compete With Surroundings
Arches covered in creeping fig vines lead to the back entry of this elegant home. A neutral stone patio provides timeless flooring without distracting from the beautiful architectural details of the walkway. Design by Thompson Custom Homes
Have Some Fun
Stone crowns atop columns lead the way to a giant chess board made of prefab 2x2 concrete squares with exposed pebbles. Taking inspiration from Alice in Wonderland, designer Margie Grace of Grace Design Associates. Inc., has red roses on one side and white roses on the other. Fourth of July roses, which are speckled and look like they're being painted for the Queen, are in pots behind the benches. "If it's your fantasy, just go there," says Grace. "Don't do it by halves."
Rethink the Space
When designing for the outdoors, designer Matt Partridge of Juergen Partridge Limited says, "Be objective. Look at your current space as if you have never been there before and think what would I do to make this better?" For this casual entryway, he incorporates an integrated seating wall, which maximizes the use of the space without furniture.
Think About the Journey
Crossing over water is an enjoyable experience, so designer Scott Cohen of The Green Scene uses a concrete bridge to link one patio to another. "An important part of hardscaping and landscape design is determining how one will walk through the space," says Cohen.
Take a Seat
Not only do this patio's low walls act as room dividers, they're also just the right height to be used as extra seating when entertaining. A bluestone cap tops the fieldstone walls for a smooth, comfortable surface. Design by a Blade of Grass Landscape Design
Switch It Up
Designer Scott Cohen of The Green Scene varies the flooring materials of this backyard patio to add visual interest as well as to help create separate outdoor rooms. The covered seating area features Sweetwater flagstone, while stone-textured concrete is used in the lounging area beside the pool's Baja shelf.
Plan for the Elements
Brick is used throughout the flooring and walls to create a cohesive design in this outdoor living area. One of designer Brian Thompson's top tips for designing outdoor spaces is to know where the sunrise and sunset happen, as well as which direction is the historic prevailing breeze. "In Houston most of the year, our prevailing wind comes from the coast out of the southeast, so we try to always make sure we take advantage of the southeast exposure," says Thompson.
Use Hardscaping to Define
Even minimal hardscaping can be used to define an area. For this brownstone garden, a bluestone border delineates the formal lawn, which serves as a transition space within the landscape. Design by a Blade of Grass Landscape Design
Find the Right Material
Consider your home's style when selecting exterior materials; for instance, the classic hardscape — brick — lends a traditional look to any home. To tie the flooring and ceiling together, brick is also used in the archways and above the windows. Design by Thompson Custom Homes
A combination of different stones gives this outdoor space a customized and visually interesting look. Stacked New England fieldstone is used throughout the backyard to create seating walls on the patio and retaining walls that terrace the yard. Antique cobblestone divides the bluestone patio to create a separate dining room and conversation area in front of the fireplace, and reclaimed granite is used to make the steps and pillars. Design by a Blade of Grass Landscape Design
Create a Secret Garden
Tucked into the corner of this backyard is a quiet spot for morning coffee or a friendly chat. A pebble pathway leads to the hideaway, and various stone slabs are placed together to form the patio. Design by Juergen Partridge Limited
Custom pieces take your outdoor space to the next level. Designer Scott Cohen of The Green Scene found a craftsman in Mexico that follows the Old World technique of hand carving stonework, and he commissioned four fire torches to display on the pergola's columns. Cohen says he loves to use fire in hardscapes since it creates lighting and a relaxed resort-style ambience.
Make It Work
One of the most important things to do when creating your outdoor space according to designer Margie Grace of Grace Design Associates Inc. is to select things that work. "Choose plants that will thrive where you intend to put them and materials that will resist the elements. Even if you love it now, if it's a battle to maintain, you will come to dislike it intensely," says Grace.
Extend Your Living Area
Before stepping down into the backyard, the homeowners first walk out onto a curved patio, which acts as an extension of the living room. Sofas mimic the shape of the patio and provide a cozy spot to gather under the pergola. To tie the patio up to the pergola, stacked stones create the lower half of the columns, and Sweetwater flagstone is used to veneer the patio. Design by The Green Scene
The first thing to focus on as you plan your hardscape is another "scape" entirely: the landscape. Consider the entire area available for your design, and then try to imagine any additions you might want over time: a patio, a pool, a fire pit, etc. Map out the area in your mind, on paper and digitally if possible—or have a pro do it for you.
Secondly, give water a place to go—someplace besides your basement or crawlspace. In other words, make sure your hardscape design grades away from your home so that water will drain naturally and won't pool in corners or the middle of the design. For extra credit, have water drain into a catch so that you can use it later for watering your landscaping plants.
Next up, identify a focal point. You want your design to feel like it has a purpose, whether it's a dining area, a fire pit or a sitting area with flat-screen TV.
Curves are your friend when designing your hardscape. Remember, this is an outdoor living space, and Mother Nature doesn't build in straight lines. You shouldn't either.
And speaking of nature, keep the greenery if you can. Complement the hardscape design by populating it with plants or shrubs along edges, so that it feels like a part of the environment.
Lastly, if your hardscape design is complex—and especially if it involves reforming the existing landscape (creating a retaining wall for a hill, for example)—you should call in the experts. They'll work with your design ideas but ensure that all the building is done safely and in compliance with applicable codes.