Make Your Own Compost

Make the most of a quiet corner of your garden with a compost bin, and turn kitchen peelings and garden waste into valuable compost for free.
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©2012, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2012, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2012, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2012, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2012, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2012, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Choose Compost Bin to Match Home Design

A variety of compost bins exist for all kinds of situations, price ranges and space. Plastic bins are economical and long lasting. Plans are available for building timber bins to match the exterior and style of home.

Know What to Compost for Best Results

Find a suitable place for compost bin in full sun or partial shade. Try to achieve an equal balance of nitrogen rich green material and drier carbon rich waste. Avoid composting cooked foods, which attract vermin. Mix different types of waste.

Turn Compost Regularly to Ensure Even Results

Waste breaks down in warm, moist conditions at center of compost heap than it does at the dry edges. As a result, compost should be mixed on a regular basis, so it will break down at an even rate.

Wormery Bin Use Worms to Decompose Kitchen Scraps

A wormery is an enclosed bin which uses special types of worms to help break down organic matter. Worms will eat almost anything that will decompose. They should be primarily fed on kitchen scraps, but they will process weeds and other garden waste.

Leaf Mold

Leaf mold is an excellent, free soil amendment. It is easy to make, simple to use, and has a huge impact on soil health. It is the result of letting leaves sit and decompose over time. It is dark brown to black, has earthy aroma and crumbly texture.

Bokashi Composting Relies on Micro Organisms

Bokashi is a Japanese term meaning fermented organic matter. It is often referred to as a type of composting, but it is actually an anaerobic fermentation process. Many people like bokashi, because it is very easy, and generally odor free.