How to Sow Annual & Biennial Plants
Annuals and biennials look more natural if sown in informal swaths, or drifts, that merge into one another.
Step 1: Create Crumbly Soil
Rake the soil to level it, and clear away any large stones. Use the head of the rake to break down lumps to create a crumbly soil.
Step 2: Make Bamboo Drills
Use a bamboo cane to create some straight drills in which to sow the seed—press the cane lightly into the soil, as shown.
Step 3: Trickle Seeds In
Transfer a little seed to the palm of your hand, and gently tap it with your finger to trickle the seed gradually into the drill.
Step 4: Rake Soil Over
Cover the seeds by gently raking a fine layer of soil over the drills. Then firm the soil lightly with the head of your rake.
Step 5: Water With a Fine Spray
Water well, using a watering can with a fine spray. A sprinkling is less likely to disturb the seeds or cause a soil crust to form.
Step 6: Protect the Seeds
Protect seeds from being scratched up by birds and cats by covering the area with some twiggy sticks or a layer of netting.