How to Grow Garlic

Plant garlic and enjoy the crop in a host of recipes with this three-step simple planting guide.

garlic solent ligh

garlic solent ligh

garlic solent ligh

Materials Needed

  • garlic bulbs
  • large garden containers (optional)
  • watering can or garden hose

Step 1: Plant Garlic

Plant Garlic in Fall to Produce in Spring

Plant Garlic in Fall to Produce in Spring

In mid fall , plant garlic bulbs in loose, very fertile soil that is as weed free as possible. Insert cloves root side down about 8 inches apart in all directions, burying the tips about two inches down.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Garlic needs a cold period to grow well and is best planted in the fall or winter. Separate the bulb into cloves, and push the largest ones (discarding any tiny ones) into the soil with the points upward; the tips should be just below the surface. Allow 4 inches (10 cm) between cloves, and space rows 8 inches (20 cm) apart. Plant it in beds or in larger containers.

Step 2: Control Weeds

Control Weeds Around Garlic in Spring and Summer

Control Weeds Around Garlic in Spring and Summer

In spring, pull the mulch back when the new garlic shoots emerge. Keep them weeded. Water only if the soil is dry.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Control weeds during spring and summer, and be sure to keep plants well watered. Even if plants bolt (run to seed), they still give a good harvest.

Step 3: Harvest Garlic

Lift Garlic Bulbs Out of Soil with Garden Fork

Lift Garlic Bulbs Out of Soil with Garden Fork

Lift the garlic bulbs out to harvest. The heads are more delicate than they seem and any cut or bruise will shorten storage life. Loosen the soil with a digging fork, inserting it well away from the heads, then lift them out of row and hang to dry.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Lift garlic bulbs out of the soil with a garden fork. After harvesting don’t grow other members of the onion family, including leeks and shallots, in the same soil to prevent the build up of diseases.