How to Plant Roses

Learn how to grow the queen of the flower garden with this step-by-step guide for planting roses.

Clematis and Rambling Roses Create Scented Arbor

Clematis and Rambling Roses Create Scented Arbor

Create a scented arbor by planting and training clematis and rambling roses over the archway, perhaps with a focal point at one end.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Create a scented arbor by planting and training clematis and rambling roses over the archway, perhaps with a focal point at one end.

Materials Needed

  • roses
  • shovel
  • cane
  • fertilizer
  • watering can or garden hose
  • mycorrhizal fungi
  • gardening gloves

Step 1: Prepare the Location

Dig Organic Matter into Soil Before Planting Rose

Dig Organic Matter into Soil Before Planting Rose

Dig a hole a little deeper and twice as wide as the container the rose is growing in from nursery. Spade in some compost or peatmoss to loosen the soil. Mix the removed soil with more compost or peat moss.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Dig a bucketful of organic matter into your proposed planting area. Then dig a hole a little deeper and twice the diameter of the container in which your rose is growing.

Step 2: Check Depth of the Hole

Check Depth of Rose Before Planting

Check Depth of Rose Before Planting

Remove the rose from the pot. Carefully place in the hole and shovel the extra soil around the new plant. Plant the rose with the crown slightly deeper than the original soil. Check for level using a cane across the surface.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Place the rose, in its pot, into the hole. Using a cane, ensure the graft union (swelling at base of the stems) will be below the surface, or slightly above in heavy soil. Add fertilizer to the excavated soil.

Step 3: Water the Rose

Apply Rose Root Growth Aid to Base of Hole

Apply Rose Root Growth Aid to Base of Hole

Spade some compost into the hole along with a sprinkle of bone meal. Bone meal is a slow acting source of phosphorus and promotes healthy root growth. Mix the soil from the hole with some additional compost and another light sprinkle of bone meal.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Water the rose and leave to drain before removing from its pot. Apply mycorrhizal fungi to the base of the hole according to the directions—this will aid root growth.

Step 4: Place Rose in the Hole

Firm Soil Around Newly Planted Rose

Firm Soil Around Newly Planted Rose

Gently firm the rose into its new home with hands, work the soil mixture around the roots to eliminate any air pockets, and water well.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Wearing gloves, place the rose in the hole. Backfill around the root ball with the excavated soil, and firm in gently around the stems with your hands. Water in well.

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