How to Plant Bare Root Fruit

Bare root plants often establish more quickly than container-grown, giving gardens an instant boost of life.

From: DK Books - Gardeners Guide

Materials Needed

  • bare root fruit plants
  • garden shovel
  • cane
  • organic mulch
  • watering can or garden hose
  • spade
  • wooden stakes
  • adjustable ties

Step 1: Plant Trees

Tease Out Roots of Fruit Tree Before Planting

Tease Out Roots of Fruit Tree Before Planting

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Plant bare root fruit trees and bushes as soon as possible to prevent the roots from drying out. The planting technique differs from planting container-grown plants, because roots are exposed and can be easily damaged. Dig a suitably large hole, and lower the plant in place, using a cane to ensure the mark on the stem is level with the soil surface. Tease out the roots gently, and spread them out evenly inside the planting hole.

Step 2: Backfill Soil

Backfill Soil Around Newly Planted Fruit Tree

Backfill Soil Around Newly Planted Fruit Tree

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Mix organic matter into the soil, and backfill, working it gently in between the roots. Make sure the plant is planted upright, then water the soil every few spadefuls to ensure there are no air pockets trapped between the roots.

Step 3: Support Stems

Support Young Fruit Trees with Adjustable Ties

Support Young Fruit Trees with Adjustable Ties

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

If planting trees or larger shrubs, support the main stems using stakes and adjustable ties that can be loosened as the plant grows. Support smaller shrubs using canes. Remember to check ties regularly for adjustment.

Step 4: Provide Mulch

Mulch Newly Planted Fruit Tree to Retain Moisture

Mulch Newly Planted Fruit Tree to Retain Moisture

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Once the tree or shrub is planted, and supported if necessary, water it thoroughly to help settle soil around the roots. Mulch around the plant to retain moisture, and water regularly during dry spells until established. 

Next Up

How to Sow and Plant Fruiting Vegetables

Large leaves, golden flowers and heavy yields make squashes, zucchini and cucumbers ideal plants for productive pots.

How to Plant a Currant Bush

Like glittering rubies, red currants ripen on the bush from midsummer.

How to Grow Pineapple Plants

Learn how to grow a pineapple plant in your yard or in a pot.

How to Plant Bare Root Bamboo

Add a touch of exoticism to your garden with this step-by-step guide for planting bamboo.

How to Plant Raspberries

Vigorous and easy to grow, autumn-fruiting raspberries look after themselves once established and just need regular pruning to stop them from spreading.

Plant Bare-Root Bamboo

Bamboo makes a perfect "green screen" for your landscape. To avoid introducing invasive plants in your yard, purchase clumping bamboo rather than running bamboo.

How to Plant a Black Currant Bush

Follow this step-by-step guide on how to plant these small, succulent fruit bushes. 

How to Plant Wall-Trained Fruit

Turn a wall into a lively fruit garden with this step-by-step guide.

Plant a Home Raspberry Patch

You can never have too many raspberries, but you can expect about 35-40 pints of berries from 20 red raspberry plants once they are established.