Family Planting: Butterfly Garden
2009, Dorling Kindersley Limited
Butterfly gardening involves planning a garden to attract, retain, and encourage butterfly populations. Select a variety of nectar producing plants with the aim of providing flowers in bloom throughout season, sure to bring hours of fun.
Butterflies need to be able to bask in sunshine, and their delicate wings cannot cope with very much wind. They are attracted to simple, single flowers that are rich in nectar. This vibrantly colored border reaches its peak in late summer, but to really support the butterflies, try to plant other plants nearby that will provide nectar throughout the year. The addition of a butterfly feeding station and hibernation house would almost guarantee an impressive show.
- Size: 10x10 ft (3x3 m)
- Suits: A border
- Soil: Moisture-retentive but well-drained
- Site: Sheltered, in full sun
- 3 x Aster amellus “King George”
- 3 x Rudbeckia fulgida var. deamii
- 3 x Sedum
- 3 x Solidago “Golden Wings”
Planting and Aftercare
Clear the ground of weeds and prepare the soil by digging in plenty of organic matter, such as garden compost, composted bark chips, or mushroom compost. Position the plants on the ground, while still in their pots. Keep them in clumps of three or in drifts. Try several positions until they look right. It is traditional to put larger plants, such as solidago, toward the back of a border, and smaller plants, such as sedum, toward the front, to create a bank of color. However, lovely effects can be created by using tall but translucent plants such as Verbena bonariensis, toward the front of a border. After planting, keep plants well watered for the first few months, while the roots get well established.