Landscaping Dos and Don'ts

Versatile Vines

Check out these exquisite vines for quick coverage and nonstop summer color.

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Here are the perfect plants for the gardener who fears commitment. Bold and splashy, these vines reward you with a dramatic sweep of color and foliage in a single season. Yet if you tire of them, you can become the quick-change artist of your landscape and choose another type and location next year.

Eminently versatile, they'll happily cover a trellis, a gazebo, a fence or a rock pile. But you can also let them clamber over a shrub or climb a tree. (For that matter, who says they have to climb? You can convert them to groundcovers.)

And vines offer a lot of bang for the buck. A few cents' worth of seed will, by midsummer, become a blooming wall far taller than you. Of course, they look just as charming spilling over a waist-high fence.

Most of these plants are perennials in frost-free areas. Where summers are short, give the seeds a head start by planting in peat pots about a month before the last frost date. Nick seed coats of moonflowers and morning glories or soak seeds overnight to hasten germination. Provide sturdy supports; string or twine can help the plants find their way to an overhead destination.

  • Morning glory (Ipomoea). Morning glories, a daytime-blooming, less-fragrant version of moonflowers, come in a rainbow of colors; 'Heavenly Blue' may be the truest blue available in any flower. Each bloom lasts only a day. These vigorous twiners can climb to 10 feet.
    I. quamoclit (cypress vine) produces a profusion of tiny bright-crimson trumpets amid feathery leaves; the plant grows 12 to 25 feet. I. quamoclit X multifida (cardinal climber) attains about 20 feet and produces red flowers amid deeply cut foliage. Hummingbirds will love finding either of these nectar pools in your yard.
  •  Hyacinth bean, or lablab (Dolichos lablab). A member of the pea family, this Egyptian native can easily twine its way to a height of 10 to 12 feet. Broad green leaves with purple veins arise from purple stems. Although lablab produces upright sprays of fragrant, purplish-pink flowers, the plant's lustrous magenta-purple seed pods are its greatest achievement. Lablabs strongly object to being transplanted, so direct-sow if possible. Plant in full to half sun.
  • Love-in-a-puff, or balloon vine (Cardiospermum halicacabum). A conversation piece, this tender perennial's chief attraction is its fruit crop — puffy, papery seed pods about an inch across that develop from tiny white flowers. The little balloons seem animated as they swing in the wind. Inside the pods are black seeds, each marked with a heart. Love-in-a-puff climbs with clinging tendrils to about 10 feet.


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