Water Features

How to Create a Wildlife Pond

A beautiful wildlife pond will attract a whole host of beneficial animals, birds and insects. Make one with sloping sides, to allow easy access for creatures to come and go, and leafy edges that offer habitat and cover.

Font
  • A
  • A
  • A

E-mail This Page to Your Friends

x

All fields are required.

Separate multiple e-mail addresses with a comma; Maximum 20 email addresses.

Refresh

Sending E-mail

Sending E-mail

Or Do Not E-mail

Success!

A link to %this page% was e-mailed

Small PondEnlarge Photo+Shrink Photo-DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

When to Start: Late winter or early spring
At Its Best: Spring to early fall
Time to Complete: 2-3 days

Materials Needed:

  • hose
  • shovel
  • long length of wood
  • level
  • old carpet or pond underlay
  • butyl pond liner
  • sharp knife
  • large stones
  • mortar
  • trowel
  • pond plants
  • aquatic soil
  • pond baskets
  • gravel

Mark Out the Pond

Using a hose, mark out the pond with sweeping curves for a natural effect. Calculate the area of liner you will need by adding twice the total depth (D), plus 18 inches extra, to the length (L). Then add twice the depth (D), plus 18 inches extra, to the width (W), and multiply the two answers (see also Step 2 below): (2xD + 18in + L) x (2xD + 18in. + W).

Define Wildlife Pond Borders with a Garden HoseEnlarge Photo+Shrink Photo-DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Dig Down

Dig out the whole area of the pond to a depth of 18 inches, and angle the sides so that they slope slightly. Leave a 12- to 18-inch-wide shelf around the sides at this depth. Then dig out a central area 3 feet deep, and an adjacent area, about 30 inches deep, creating two deeper areas to keep plants and wildlife frost-free in winter.

Level

It's essential that the top edges of the pond are level all the way round, or water will drain out unevenly. Place a level on a straight plank of wood and test the level in six or seven different places, building up or removing soil as necessary.

Check Height and Level of Homemade PondEnlarge Photo+Shrink Photo-DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited
« Previous1234

Excerpted from How to Grow Practically Everything

© 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

More From Water Features for the Garden

Water Lilies for a Small Pond

Water Lilies for a Small Pond

See pictures of water lilies that are suited to small ponds at HGTV.com.

(10 photos)
Swimming Pool Spas

Swimming Pool Spas

Check out these relaxing swimming pool spas from designers at HGTV.com.

(8 photos)
Swimming Pool Features

Swimming Pool Features

Check out these swimming pool water features for some outdoor design inspiration at HGTV.com.

(8 photos)
Advertisement

HGTV Outdoors Newsletter

Find out how to make the most of patios, decks and all your outdoor areas, plus tips from master gardeners for beautiful flower beds and bountiful vegetable gardens.