Learn the Laundry Basics
Whether you're a laundry novice or just want to refresh yourself on the basics, we'll show you how to sort and prepare, treat or mend, wash, dry, fold and put away clothes.
- Excerpted from Houseworks, by Cynthia Townley Ewer
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Sort and Prepare
Skip the sort step before starting the wash and you know what'll happen: red sweater plus white undies equals pink panties (or worse, pink jockey shorts).
To sort laundry, start with color. Separate clothing into white, light-colored, bright and dark divisions to avoid dye transfer problems. Wash white and light clothing separately to keep dye transfer at bay.
Separating synthetics (polyester, nylon, acrylic) from natural fibers (cotton, linen) can also cure dye transfer problems; synthetic fibers can be dye magnets, absorbing the castoffs from dye-rich natural fibers.
Troubled by lint in the wash? Keep lint-generators (sweatshirts, towels, flannel fabrics) away from lint attractors (nylon blouses, microfibers) in the laundry process.
For cleaner clothes, sort clothing by soil level. Jeans worn while planting out seedlings in the garden aren't good wash-mates for lightly soiled blouses. Fabric weight, too, should be considered; the heavy stitching, brads and buttons on jeans are too rough-and-tumble to share a wash cycle with lighter-weight or delicate clothing.
Treat or Mend
As you load the washer, check each item of clothing. Close zippers, remove belts and ties, and check pockets for forgotten items that don't belong in the wash.
Eyeball each garment, searching for stains and treat them before you wash. Check if items need a quick mend. Keep the mending center in or near the laundry area so that it's easy to make repairs.
You're ready to wash but how well do you know your washing machine? Your washer's product manual has a wealth of information about how to get clothes clean effectively. Washing recommendations vary from machine to machine. For instance, filling a front-loading spin-cycle washer more fully gets clothes cleaner, but overloading a top-loader that uses an agitator will impede the cleaning process and could damage clothing.
Clothing loaded, add detergent. Detergent use is among those "know-your-machine" issues where it pays to be informed. Washing machines vary in capacity and are designed to use differing amounts of detergent. Consult the washer's product manual first, then read the detergent box to determine how much detergent to add and do measure carefully, using a measuring cup. You may need to use more detergent for large loads, very dirty clothing, or if you live in an area with hard water. Use a bit less detergent for soft water, small loads or lightly soiled clothing.
Add any fabric additives or softener. Follow manufacturer's recommendations to use bleach, nonchlorine bleach or fabric brighteners; these toxic products must be used with care and according to label directions. Fabric softener should be added during the final rinse cycle.
Select the appropriate water temperature for the clothes in the washer.
Excerpted from Houseworks, by Cynthia Townley Ewer
Text Copyright © 2006, 2010, Cynthia Townley Ewer, extracts from Houseworks, reproduced with permission from Dorling Kindersley Limited
The experts at HGTV.com offer six tips for getting clothes cleaner with common household items.