12 Types of Woodland Wildflowers

Learn about the various types of woodland wildflowers and how to successfully grow them with this gardening guide.

  • Agrimony Woodland Wildflower

    Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria)

    An upright perennial, agrimony produces long, yellow flower spikes. It frequently grows in hedgerows, grasslands, and roadside berms with dappled shade. It has a long history of use as a medicinal plant, particularly for healing wounds. This fully hardy plant prefers partial sun and well-drained soil. H: 20 inches; S: 12 inches

  • Pungent Wild Garlic Mustard

    Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)

    Also known as Jack-by-the-hedge, garlic mustard is commonly found in hedgerows and woodland edges. Its kidney-shaped, serrated, alternately spaced leaves smell mildly of garlic. It has small, white clusters of flowers followed by long, ribbed seed pods. This fully hardy plant prefers partial sun and well-drained soil. H: 24 inches; S: 12 inches

  • Betony is Common Woodland Wildflower

    Betony (Betonica officinalis)

    Preferring slightly acidic and damp soils, betony is a perennial that belongs to the dead-nettle family. Its serrated, oblong leaves grow in pairs along its square stem. It produces purple or occasionally white flower spikes. This fully hardy plant prefers partial sun and well-drained soil. H: 12 inches; S: 8 inches

  • Pink Foxglove Wildflower

    Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)

    A commonly seen woodland wildflower, the foxglove is a tall, slender biennial or short-lived perennial. It produces purplish-pink, tubular flowers with spots on the inside. The leaves, seeds, and flowers are poisonous to humans. This fully hardy plant prefers partial sun and well-drained soil. H: 4 feet; S: 16 inches

  • Common Meadow Sweet

    Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria)

    Preferring damp, wet conditions, meadowsweet is a tall perennial that produces a mass of frothy-looking, creamy flowers. It has a sweet scent and is commonly found in meadows but is equally tolerant of shady hedgerows and dappled shade. This fully hardy plant prefers full to partial sun and well-drained to wet soil. H: 36 inches; S: 24 inches

  • Wood Avens

    Wood Avens (Geum urbanum)

    Wood avens is a common woodland perennial with small, yellow, five-petaled flowers and short, dark green leaves. Its roots are distinctively clove-scented. Seeds are spread by animals; the spiked crimson seeds hook onto them as they pass. This fully hardy plant prefers partial sun to shade and moist soil. H: 16 inches; S: 12 inches

  • Ragged Robin is Common Wildflower

    Ragged Robin (Lychnis flos-cuculi)

    A damp-loving plant, ragged robin is commonly found in wetlands, on pond margins, and in shady, open, wet woodland. It is an upright perennial, bearing loose clusters of pink flowers. The leaves are pale green and borne in pairs along its light red stems. This fully hardy plant prefers full to partial sun and moist to wet soil. H: 3 feet; S: 24 inches

  • Bright Yellow Wildflower

    Cowslip (Primula veris)

    The cowslip is an attractive perennial wildflower that looks particularly striking when naturalized in grassland. Clusters of small, deep yellow, tubular flowers are held on long, thin, leafless stems. The dark green foliage grows in a rosette. This fully hardy plant prefers full to partial sun and well-drained to moist soil. H: 12 inches; S: 8 inches

  • The Primrose Woodland Wildflower

    Primrose (Primula vulgaris)

    The primrose is a compact, early-flowering perennial, bearing fragrant, pale yellow blooms with dark yellow centers, carried on delicate, pinkish stems. The plants are commonly found in deciduous woodlands, damp grassland, and scrub areas. This fully hardy plant prefers full to partial sun and moist soil. H: 8 inches; S: 12 inches

  • Red Campion

    Red Campion (Silene dioica)

    Summer-flowering red campion thrives on woodland edges, shady banks, rich meadows, and hedgerows. It produces attractive deep pink flowers that are borne on long, branching stems. The matte green leaves are hairy and slightly oval. This fully hardy plant prefers full to partial sun and well-drained to moist soil. H: 3 feet; S: 12 inches

  • Hedge Woundwort

    Hedge Woundwort (Stachys sylvatica)

    This medium-sized perennial is often found in deciduous woodland and alongside hedgerows in moist, fertile soil. Hedge woundwort produces distinctive whorls of purplish-pink flowers with white speckles. The foliage is aromatic and dark green. This fully hardy plant prefers partial sun and well-drained to moist soil. H: 32 inches; S: 24 inches

  • Wood Sage

    Wood Sage (Teucrium scorodonia)

    A member of the mint family, wood sage looks similar to common sage but is hairier and its leaves are more wrinkly. The pungent leaves are more reminiscent of hops than sage, and in the past were used to flavor beer. Its flowers are greenish yellow in color. This fully hardy plant prefers partial sun and moist to wet soil. H: 24 inches; S: 24 inches

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