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Landscape Plan: Fruit Garden for the Northeast

Relax in this beautiful backyard garden retreat and feast on elderberries, blueberries, strawberries, apples and other choice fruits, all grown on plants that are suited to your climate.

Imagine having a cornucopia of fruits right outside your back door, plus a beautiful seating area where you can enjoy the color, fragrance and lusciousness! With this garden of edibles you'll have numerous varieties available within easy reach. Large and small trees provide shade and some enclosure. Perennials offer a splash of color.

The 10' x 12' patio provides a place to relax and a spot for a strawberry jar. A large container with a citrus tree for the warm season is placed just off the patio as an accent. Replace the container with a shrub for seasonal color or decorate with evergreen boughs if you can't overwinter the citrus outside.

From the patio a path of stepping stones leads through an arbor bearing a fruiting vine. A pathway on the other side of the arbor allows easy access to the fruiting shrubs. The 4-foot-high trellis supporting an espaliered dwarf fruit tree and 5- to 6-foot-high trellis with a fruiting vine help provide privacy for the patio. For additional plant suggestions, consult your local extension service or nursery.

This sunny garden conveniently locates the plants for optimum convenience of care and harvest. Feel free to personalize the garden with your choice of fruits and vegetables: The container by the patio is perfect for a robust tomato plant! This layout would also work well if sited adjacent to the back of the house; just square the front corners. If you decide to screen the patio, tuck the strawberry jar into the groundcover bed so it gets plenty of sun. An ornamental crabapple or another apple tree in the vicinity will aid pollination of the apple tree. At the suggested spacing, the junipers will knit together in about three years; if you're willing to wait longer, you can plant fewer, three feet apart.

See next page for the plan.

Plant List

A. Apple (Malus domestica 'Liberty') (1), USDA 5-8; or 'Honeycrisp'
B. Adams elderberry (Sambucus canadensis 'Adams' (1)
C. Key lime (Citrus aurantiifolia) (1), in 24 to 30"-wide container, hardy to USDA Zone 8b, must be overwintered indoors
D. Seckle pear (Pyrus 'Seckle'), on small trellis (1)
E. Bluecrop and Berkeley highbush blueberry (Vaccinium darrowi 'Blue Crop' and 'Berkeley', two each of two cultivars for cross-pollination, plant 3-1/2 feet apart in acidic soil
F. Hardy kiwi (Actinidia kolomikta, female, and A. arguta, male) one of each for pollination, on arbor
G. Beta or Valiant grape (Vitis 'Beta' or 'Valiant') on large trellis. In southern areas of this region: Niagara grape (Vitis labrusca 'Niagara') (2).
H. Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa), as needed to fill openings in jar; for first-year crop, select day-neutral; for second-year crop, select June-bearers
I. Red Sprite winterberry (Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite') (7) plant four feet apart, ornamental plant for winter interest and birds, not for human consumption
J. Japanese garden juniper (Juniperus procumbens) (15), plant 2-1/2 feet apart
K. Hot Lips turtlehead (Chelone lyonii 'Hot Lips') (6), plant 2-1/2 feet apart

Key

1. Patio: 8' diameter, brick, concrete pavers or stone
2. Arbor: 4' wide x 2' to 3' deep
3. Large trellis: 5' wide x 5 to 6' tall
4. Small trellis: 3' wide x 4' tall
5. Container: 2' to 2-1/2' wide
6. Strawberry jar: with multiple openings
7. Stepping stones

How to install your landscape plan
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Landscape plan by Hortus Oasis

Illustrations by Simutis Illustrations

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