Maintenance Made Easy
You've done the creative work - the dreaming, the planning and the shopping - and the hard work - the digging, the planting and the building. Now what? Don't roll your sleeves down yet. There's maintenance to be done.
- Excerpted from Garden Design
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The Benefits of Pruning
Pruning is not really necessary, but thinning and cutting or selectively removing branches can produce many useful effects. It can rejuvenate an old, congested specimen, giving it a new lease on life; help short-lived shrubs live longer; increase flowering or fruiting; improve the shape and appearance of a plant; and reduce the incidence of disease.
As a tree matures, it may become too large for its site, or send out branches in inconvenient directions; such trees require pruning. Damaged or diseased branches and crossing limbs also need to be taken out to maintain the health of the tree. Hire a qualified tree surgeon to tackle very large branches, or those higher than head height. When pruning, take off a branch in sections — if you remove it with one cut close to the trunk, it will be pulled down by its own weight and may tear the bark on the trunk, leaving the tree vulnerable to infection.
To cut back branches, make two incisions: one, half way through, from beneath the branch; the second from the top to meet the undercut.
Then, remove the remaining branch stub, starting from the upper surface of the branch, just beyond the crease in the bark where the branch meets the trunk. Angle the cut away from the trunk. This pruning method produces a clean cut, leaving the plant's healing tissue intact. The tree will soon produce bark to cover the exposed area.
Feeding and Weeding
Many types of soil tend to be nutrient poor. Adding bulky organic matter, such as well-decomposed manure, improves the quality and structure of most types of soil as well as providing nutrients. During growing season you’ll need to add extra fertilizer, especially to the areas of your garden that see a lot of action. Control weeds by digging them out or hoeing, or with a weedkiller appropriate for the terrain.
Liquid feeds are fast acting and ideal for bedding and patio plants in containers (image 1), as well as greenhouse crops such as tomatoes.
For convenience and for treating pernicious weeds, use a glyphosate-based weedkiller, which is absorbed through the leaves to kill the roots (image 2).
Among existing plants, remove weed seedlings by hand (image 3). Use a hoe on dry days, severing the stems where they meet the roots just beneath the soil, or dig them out with a fork.
Excerpted from Garden Design
©Dorling Kindersley Limited 2009