Propagating Shrubs

Step-by-step instructions for propagating gardenias, hibiscus and azaleas.

If you have a flowering shrub and would like another just like it, propagate a cutting from the plant to create a duplicate version. Host Jamie McMurray demonstrates the different methods of shrub propagation:

To propagate a gardenia:

1. Take a cutting from the shrub, choosing a stem that is neither new or old growth but a semi-hardwood cutting from the midsection of a stem.

2. Using sterile, sharp shears, cut just above a leaf axil. Note: A quick way to sterilize your cutting shears is to dip the blades in rubbing alcohol.

3. Remove the leaves along the base of the stem.

4. Make a diagonal cut at the base of the stem.

5. Dip the cutting in rooting hormone.

tig205_3d

tig205_3d

6. Make a small hole in the potting soil, and plant the cutting. Remember to use a soil that drains well.

7. Gently tamp the soil around the stem, and water thoroughly.

8. To create a humid environment for the plant, stake toothpicks, chopsticks, or even pencils around the base of the plant and place a piece of plastic over the top.

To propagate an azalea:

1. Find a hardwood stem, and use a sterilized, sharp knife to cut an inverted "V"-shape along the underside of the stem.

tig205_3g

tig205_3g

2. Place a tray of moist soil beneath the stem, and place the cut edge on top of the soil.

3. Place a brick on top of the stem to hold it in place.

4. Over the following several weeks, the cut area will form roots. Once it has taken root, you can cut it away from the original plant.

To propagate a hibiscus:

tig205_3h

tig205_3h

1. Use a sterilized knife to make a shallow cut just below where a side branch joins the main stem.

2. Pull the side branch down, tearing it off. The branch won't tear below where you've incised the main stem.

3. Dip the cutting in rooting hormone, and plant in a container of soil.

Note: If you're not sure of the technique to use for a particular type of flowering shrub, check with your local nursery.

Keep Reading

Next Up

How to Prune Shrubs

When you prune a shrub depends mostly on when it blooms. Here are the basics of pruning woody plants.

How and When to Prune Blueberry Bushes

To keep them producing well, blueberry bushes need to be pruned every year.

How to Prune Late-Flowering Shrubs

Shrubs that arrive a bit late to the blooming game should be trimmed in early spring. Follow these simple steps to inspire new blossoms.

How to Prune an Early-Flowering Shrub

Follow these steps to prune shrubs that flower before midsummer.

Garden Plants and Flowers

Learn how to discover which plants underscore and help define a specific garden design style.

How to Plant Perennial Flowers & Plants

Perennials are the mainstay of the traditional flower garden. When planted correctly, they are long-lived.

1,000+ Photos

Browse beautiful photos of our favorite outdoor spaces: decks, patios, porches and more.

On TV

Good Bones

6:30am | 5:30c

Container Homes

7:30am | 6:30c

Fixer Upper

8am | 7c

Fixer Upper

9am | 8c

Fixer Upper

10am | 9c

Fixer Upper

11am | 10c

Fixer Upper

12pm | 11c

Fixer Upper

1pm | 12c

Fixer Upper

2pm | 1c

Fixer Upper

3pm | 2c

Fixer Upper

4pm | 3c

Fixer Upper

5pm | 4c

Fixer Upper

6pm | 5c

Fixer Upper

7pm | 6c
On Tonight
On Tonight

Fixer Upper

8pm | 7c

Fixer Upper

9pm | 8c

House Hunters

10pm | 9c

Fixer Upper

11pm | 10c

Fixer Upper

12am | 11c

House Hunters

1am | 12c

Fixer Upper

2am | 1c

Fixer Upper

3am | 2c

Follow Us Everywhere

Join the party! Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds.