Planting a Shrub

Use these step-by-step instructions to easily plant an evergreen shrub.
Evergreen Shrubs Make Beautiful Container Plants

Evergreen Shrubs Make Beautiful Container Plants

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Evergreen shrubs, such as hebes, make beautiful container features. For the maximum impact, buy a plant with healthy leaves and an attractive shape, and avoid those with lots of roots poking through the bases of their pots.

Prep the Pot

First, check that the pot has drainage holes in the bottom, and drill a few if there are none. Place broken crocks, or pieces of polystyrene — old plant trays are ideal — on the bottom to aid drainage. Do not block the holes.

Cover Drainage Holes with Broken Pots

Cover Drainage Holes with Broken Pots

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Add Potting Mix

Start filling the pot with fresh loam-based potting mix (avoid any with peat). If the soil is lumpy, break it up. Stop filling when you can stand the plant in its container on the soil with a 2-in (5-cm) gap to the rim of the pot.

Add Loam-Based Potting Mix

Add Loam-Based Potting Mix

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Create a Hole

Place the shrub in its container in the center of the pot, and start filling around it, firming in the soil. The aim is to create a hole for the plant to slot into, in exactly the right place and at the right depth. If it's off-center, try again.

Transplanting Shrub Into Garden Container

Transplanting Shrub Into Garden Container

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Remove the Shrub

Gently lift the shrub in its container straight up and out of the pot, leaving the hole intact. If you haven't already done so, give the shrub a good drink and let the water drain away. This helps the plant get off to a good start.

Create a Hole for a Potted Shrub

Create a Hole for a Potted Shrub

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Tease the Plant's Roots

Carefully remove the shrub from its container, taking care not to damage its roots or break off any top-growth. Then tease out the roots at the edge of the root ball to encourage them to grow outward.

Loosen Roots Before Planting

Loosen Roots Before Planting

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Plant the Shrub

Gently lower the shrub into the hole, and firm in the potting mix all around. Add a little more mix, if needed, to give a level surface, but make sure it is no higher up the stem than when the plant was in its original pot.

Plant a Shrub in New Container

Plant a Shrub in New Container

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Water Well

Water in the shrub to settle the soil and to remove any air pockets. One good method is to pour the water onto an old crock so that it flows evenly and doesn’t expose the roots. Repeat in each corner of the pot.

Use Broken Pottery to Diffuse Water

Use Broken Pottery to Diffuse Water

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Add Gravel or Pepples

As a final decorative touch, scatter gravel or small pebbles in a thin layer around the shrub. Available in various colors, they set off the plant and help to keep the potting mix moist by reducing evaporation.

Scatter Gravel or Pebbles Around Plants

Scatter Gravel or Pebbles Around Plants

Photo by: DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios © 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - Simple Steps to Success: Containers for Patios, 2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

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