How to Take Hardwood Cuttings

If you love a particular shrub in your yard, why not have more of it? Given the right conditions, many plants will root from stem cuttings in spring or summer, or in winter from pieces of root.
Shrubs Grown From Cuttings Take Time to Bloom

Shrubs Grown From Cuttings Take Time to Bloom

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

It can take two or three years for a shrub grown from a cutting to reach flowering size, so take a few each year for a constant supply of new plants. If you don't have room for them yourself, your gardening friends will appreciate a gift.

From: DK Books - How to Grow
Similar Topics:

These are the easiest cuttings to grow, but you need patience, as rooting can take more than a year. Find a sheltered spot where the cuttings won't be disturbed. Use this method for deciduous shrubs, trees, roses and fruit.

Suitable Plants

  • boxwood
  • butterfly bush
  • deutzia
  • dogwood
  • elder
  • forsythia
  • flowering currant
  • mock orange
  • rose (including bush types)
  • spirea
  • viburnum
  • weigela
  • willow

Take a Healthy Stem

In autumn, select straight stems, about the thickness of a pencil and with plenty of buds, taken from the current year’s growth. Strip off any leaves and side shoots. You may be able to take several cuttings from a single stem.

Pencil Thin Stem Stripping

Pencil Thin Stem Stripping

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Cut Into Sections

Make individual cuttings about 10 inches long. Cut straight along the bottom just below a bud, and make a slanted cut above a bud at the top. The cuts differentiate the top from the bottom, and allow you to plant the right way up.

Cut in Sections

Cut in Sections

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Plant in Ground

Make a narrow V-shaped trench by inserting a shovel about 8 inches in the soil and pushing it forward. Insert cuttings 6 inches apart, leaving a few buds above the surface. These will form the branches of the new shrub. Firm lightly, label and water.

Planting Cuttings

Planting Cuttings

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Pot-Grown Cuttings

For plants such as rock rose, Russian sage and santolina, plant cuttings in pots of well-drained soil. Trim cuttings to 3 to 4 inches long and plant with the top bud exposed. Protect from frost by placing pots in a cold frame or unheated greenhouse until spring. Plant in fall once rooted.

Plant Cuttings

Plant Cuttings

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Next Up

How to Propagate with Hardwood Cuttings

Use this propagation method for deciduous trees, shrubs, roses, and climbers.

How to Prune Shrubs

When you prune a shrub depends mostly on when it blooms. Here are the basics of pruning woody plants.

How to Plant a Currant Bush

Like glittering rubies, red currants ripen on the bush from midsummer.

How to Plant Shrubs

Learn how to plant shrubs in your garden with these five easy steps. 

How to Take Root Cuttings

Given the right conditions, plants can be rooted from stem cuttings in spring or summer, or in late winter from pieces of root.

How to Grow Flowering Quince

These gorgeous flowering shrubs will brighten up any dreary winter yard.

Camellia: How to Care for and Grow

These Southern belle charmers stand up beautifully to Old Man Winter.

How to Plant Shrubs

Shrubs add structure and fill out your garden, providing density and dimensionality where it's most needed. They're simpler to install than you may know. Here, we walk you through it.

How to Transplant a Shrub

If you decide that a shrub is in the wrong place, you can simply move it.

How to Prune an Early-Flowering Shrub

Follow these steps to prune shrubs that flower before midsummer.

1,000+ Photos

Browse beautiful photos of our favorite outdoor spaces: decks, patios, porches and more.

On TV

Flea Market Flip

7:30am | 6:30c

Flea Market Flip

8:30am | 7:30c

Flea Market Flip

9:30am | 8:30c

Flea Market Flip

10:30am | 9:30c

Rehab Addict

11am | 10c

Rehab Addict

11:30am | 10:30c

Fixer Upper

12pm | 11c

Fixer Upper

1pm | 12c

Fixer Upper

2pm | 1c

Fixer Upper

3pm | 2c

Fixer Upper

4pm | 3c

Fixer Upper

5pm | 4c

Fixer Upper

6pm | 5c

Fixer Upper

7pm | 6c
Tonight
Tonight

Beachfront Bargain Hunt

8pm | 7c

Mexico Life

9pm | 8c

Mexico Life

9:30pm | 8:30c

Island Hunters

10:30pm | 9:30c

House Hunters

11pm | 10c

Mexico Life

12am | 11c

Mexico Life

12:30am | 11:30c

Island Hunters

1:30am | 12:30c

Follow Us Everywhere

Join the party! Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds.