How to Prune Floribunda, Shrub and Hybrid Tea Roses

Modern floribunda and hybrid tea roses benefit from hard pruning to encourage new flowering shoots, while shrub roses require relatively gentle treatment.

Hard Pruning Hybrid Tea Roses

Hard Pruning Hybrid Tea Roses

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

From: DK Books - How to Grow
Similar Topics:

Floribunda Roses

Also known as cluster-flowered roses, floribundas produce flushes of blooms through summer and early autumn. Compact dwarf floribundas are also called patio roses, and can be grown in pots. In early spring, remove dead, diseased, and crossing stems. Prune the other stems to outward-facing buds 8–12 in (20–30 cm) from the ground using sloping cuts. When pruning, aim to leave a framework of between eight and ten strong, healthy stems.

Leave Strong Framework After Pruning

Leave Strong Framework After Pruning

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

When pruning floribundas, aim to leave a framework of eight to 10 strong, healthy stems.

Examples of Floribunda and Patio Roses

  • ‘Arthur Bell’
  • ‘English Miss’
  • ‘Fellowship’
  • ‘Fragrant Delight’
  • ‘Pretty Lady’
  • ‘Princess of Wales’
  • ‘Remembrance’
  • ‘Sunset Boulevard’
  • ‘Sweet Dream’
  • ‘Tall Story’
  • ‘Trumpeter’

Hybrid Teas

These are large-flowered roses, with some varieties that repeat bloom, although they produce just one flower per stem. Prune in early spring, removing dead, diseased, and crossing stems. Cut the oldest stems to the ground, and shorten the remainder to 6 in (15 cm) from the base. In late autumn reduce their height by one third to prevent root damage caused by wind rock. Leave three to five strong young stems after pruning with cuts angled to allow water to drain off the buds.

Angle Cuts to Drain Water Away From Buds

Angle Cuts to Drain Water Away From Buds

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

When pruning hybrid tea roses, leave three to five strong young stems, with cuts angled to allow water to drain off the buds.

Examples of Tea Roses

  • ‘Alexander’
  • ‘Blessings’
  • ‘Deep Secret’
  • ‘Elina’
  • ‘Ingrid Bergman’
  • ‘Just Joey’
  • ‘Lovely Lady’
  • ‘Paul Sherville’
  • ‘Savoy Hotel’
  • ‘Tequila Sunrise’
  • ‘Troika’
  • ‘Warm Wishes’

Shrub and Species Roses

Usually flowering once on wood made in previous years, these should be pruned lightly in early spring. Thin out congested stems to improve air flow, and remove dead, weak, damaged, or diseased wood. Also prune some of the oldest stems to ground level. Cut main stems back by a quarter and slightly reduce side shoots by a few inches. These roses often grow quite tall and benefit from being cut back by a third in late autumn to prevent root damage caused by wind rock. Shorten the main stems by about a quarter to produce an open-structured framework, allowing in light and air to help prevent fungal diseases.

Prune Lightly to Prevent Disease

Prune Lightly to Prevent Disease

Photo by: DK - How to Grow Practically Everything © 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

DK - How to Grow Practically Everything, 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Examples of Shrub and Species Roses

  • ‘Blanche Double de Coubert’
  • ‘Boule de Neige’
  • ‘De Resht’
  • ‘Fantin-Latour’
  • ‘Graham Thomas’
  • ‘Louise Odier’
  • ‘Madame Isaac Pereire’
  • ‘Madame Pierre Oger’
  • ‘Maiden’s Blush’
  • Rosa gallica ‘Versicolor’
  • ‘Souvenir de la Malmaison’
  • ‘William Lobb’

Next Up

Pruning a Shrub Rose

Pruning your roses will help increase blooming and decrease disease and pest problems. Follow these steps to learn how to make the right cuts.

How to Prune Rose Bushes

Bush roses include hybrid teas and floribundas, both of which need to be pruned hard each year to encourage new growth.

How to Prune Hybrid Roses

Bush roses include hybrid teas and floribundas, both of which need to be cut back hard each year to encourage new growth.

How to Prune Climbing Roses

Climbing roses are best pruned in late summer, when you can see the shoots more easily.

How to Prune Old-Fashioned Roses

Old-fashioned roses such as albas, mosses and damasks are pruned lightly in summer after the first flush of flowers.

How to Prune Shrubs

When you prune a shrub depends mostly on when it blooms. Here are the basics of pruning woody plants.

Pruning Roses During Winter

See why you should prune your roses when it's chilly outside.

How to Prune Late-Flowering Shrubs

Shrubs that arrive a bit late to the blooming game should be trimmed in early spring. Follow these simple steps to inspire new blossoms.

How to Prune an Early-Flowering Shrub

Follow these steps to prune shrubs that flower before midsummer.

Rose Pruners: Anvil or Bypass?

Which pruners do the best job on roses?

1,000+ Photos

Browse beautiful photos of our favorite outdoor spaces: decks, patios, porches and more.

Follow Us Everywhere

Join the party! Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds.