Lines and Curves in Landscape Design

See how carefully placed lines and curves add size and structure to a garden.
From: DK Books - Design Your Garden
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©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Using S Curves

S-curved lines are fluid and offer great scope for informal and naturalistic designs. They take the eye from one side of the garden to the other, amplifying the space and making small gardens appear larger.

Using C Curves

C-curved lines are fluid and offer great scope for informal and naturalistic designs. They take the eye from one side of the garden to the other. Flowing lines also create a sense of momentum and movement.

Snakes and Curves

This small town garden shows how a flowing S-curve can extend and trick the eye into thinking the space is larger than it is. A circular pool slots perfectly into the first curve, forming a pleasing coupling of line and shape.

Snaking Path

This flowing S-curved bed can extend the route through a yard, and trick the eye into thinking the space is larger than it is. This stone mulch bed wanders lazily through the lawn.

Cross Shaped Design

Crosses lead the eye to the end of the garden and are suitable for large yards.

Center Focal Point

Laid out on a cross, this recent take on a French parterre has been designed with wonderful symmetry and great clarity of vision.

X Shaped Plan

Diagonal lines have more energy and movement in the garden than crosses. They can evoke formality but may also form the basis of informal, asymmetrical designs. Works well in small yards taking the eye across the garden at its longest point

Central Cross

The smaller garden shows how even a tiny yard can emulate the grand styles of large formal designs. By setting the paths and planting along diagonal lines, the garden maximizes the available space.