Hand-Tying Floral Stems
The technique is called "European hand-tying" and not only does Sylvester use it to make gorgeous bouquets, she also turns them into great-looking topiaries.
The technique involves crossing the stems to form a stand-alone bouquet. After adding and turning, and more adding and turning, the stems are cut and the bouquet is tied together with wire. The true test of a hand-tied bouquet is to see if it can stand on its own.
For a tall topiary, create a carnation bouquet, cut the stems all one length and wrap with floral tape. Fill a bucket with wet florist's foam and insert the bouquet into the center. Add a ribbon for a finishing touch.