12 Ways to Prep Your Entire Home for Cool Weather
Make sure your home is ready for winter from the inside out.
It may still be 80 degrees in some parts of the country, but the weather will cool down before we know it. Is your home winter-ready? Follow our tips on how to maintain your home's exterior and interior, plus get ideas on how to cozy-up your space for the upcoming seasons' holidays, too.
Repair Loose Roof Shingles
Your roof and gutters need to be in good shape to keep moisture and icy accumulation away. Start by looking for any loose shingles and making sure they're nailed down properly. Consult a professional for big damages, or follow DIY Network's instructions on how to repair a damaged roof.
Clean Out Gutters
Scraping Leaves Out of Gutter
Removing debris isn't only a fall chore in some yards; many trees such as black locust, oaks and maples drop litter in spring and summer. While you're clearing the gutters, also check for cracks in the seams. Use an old chisel to scrape the old caulking out and dry the area thoroughly. Use new bead silicon sealing to keep water from getting behind the gutters and rotting the boards.
While you're on the roof, clear gutters from leaf debris, and install a leaf guard if you haven't already. Clear downspouts by spraying water through it on a warm day. Follow our instructions for proper gutter cleaning and repair.
Turn Off Exterior Faucets
Don Hamilton Studio
Disconnect your hose and drain any remaining water from the faucet to prevent pipes from bursting.
Protect Plants From Frost
“We find that our winter crops do better if we get them planted in late September-early October,” Smith states, “and using frost blankets really help.” Another option for protecting your edible plants from plummeting temperatures is creating little hoop houses or tunnels covered in plastic to shelter them. Just remember to vent them when the sun comes out and the heat rises under the plastic.
Image courtesy of P. Allen Smith, photography by Hortus LTD
Tender, young plants won't survive winter frost. To protect them, cover with a blanket or plastic sheet overnight. If you cover with plastic, be sure to remove before the sun hits the plant or it'll cook.
Add Extra Mulch
Protect perennials from the cold weather by simply adding more mulch. Add enough to cover the crowns of the plant — about 2 to 4 inches. Straw, hay and leaves work just as well.
Reverse the Direction of Ceiling Fans
Neutral Transitional Master Bedroom With Round Ottoman
In the grand master bedroom, floor-length curtains call attention to the sky-high ceilings. Lots of plush, rounded surfaces, like the ottomans, are an easy way to make a room comfortable as well as family friendly. Designed by Bill Moore, Chris Reebals and Emory Ratliff
Chris Luker Photography
You probably don't think about the ceiling fan during winter, but it can actually save energy by pushing rising heat back into the room — at the same level as what your thermostat registers. Most fan models have a switch that reverses the blades' direction. Make sure the fan is spinning clockwise during the season (and counterclockwise during summer).
Seal Window Gaps
Caulking is the air-sealing method of choice for stationary parts of your home, like window frames and electrical outlets. Wait for a warm, dry day; clean the area you’re caulking and remove any loose debris; hold the gun consistently at a 45-degree angle; and apply the caulk in a smooth stream without stopping.
Prevent cool air from entering your home by filling any large gaps around your windowsill with caulk.
Hang Heavy-Duty Drapes
Grey Silk Drapes With Metallic Hardware
Custom faux silk draperies add a tailored, metallic and masculine touch. To add masculine flair to window treatments, choose drapery hardware that's sleek and stripped of fussy, ornamental detail.
Another easy way to keep the draft out is by hanging thermal or heavy-duty window treatments.
Clean Your Chimney
Cozy Seating in Southwestern Home Office
Small cobalt blue tile is used for the fireplace surround, adding color and Mexican flair to the seating area of this home office. Exposed wood beams, bookshelves and rustic mantel add warmth to the space, while comfortable armchairs create the ideal spot for relaxing by the fire.
Dan Piassick, Piassick Photo
'Tis the season to light a fire. Before you do, shine a flashlight up the chimney. If you see cracks and black soot, call a chimney pro. Follow our other fireplace safety tips.
Swap Out Your Bedding
Winter Bedroom With Menswear Pillows
The cool silvers and blues of the contemporary bedroom give it the look of a winter wonderland. Delicate patterns found on the headboard, wallpaper and bedding add depth to the space, while upcycled menswear pillows make a unique style statement.
Nothing is as satisfying as a warm bed after coming in from a blustery day. Choose thick fabrics, like flannel and knits, and layer blankets to your heart's desire.
Add Scents of the Season
The holidays are fast approaching, and your home should reflect that. Warm some natural ingredients on the stovetop — you'll want to curl up with a blanket and a good book. Try one (or all!) of our DIY natural scents.
Hang String Lights
Cozy Family Room Features Playful Lighting
Whimsical lighting steals the show in this cozy family room. Behind the sofa, string lights gracefully adorn the wall, and above the armchair, a lighted art installation adds a cool, crisp pattern to the space.
Claire Esparros for Homepolish
Hang string lights throughout your home to create a warm glow and as a nod to the holidays to come.
Your Guide to Frost Protection
Once autumn begins, it's a good time to start thinking about frosts and freezes and the effect they can have on your plants. Most garden plants, assuming they're hardy in your area, will weather the winter without any problem. An abrupt, early freeze may cause them to drop their leaves prematurely or cause some tissue damage, but most will rebound next spring.
Bring Tender Plants Indoors
Depending on where you live, some plants may behave as either annuals or perennials that simply can't handle even a light frost. Many people don't bother trying to extend the life of plants generally not meant to last more than a year and let them die back after a freeze hits. However, if you grow tender annuals and perennials in pots and want to save them, move the pots into the garage or house when frost threatens and take them back out when the weather warms a bit, at least for a week or two. This process allows the plant acclimate better to a drastic change in growing conditions.
Tropicals can go in the house or garage before temperatures drop below 45 degrees F. Before bringing them inside, spray any plants that appear to have pests, such as spider mites, aphids and mealy bugs. A solution containing neem oil works well for treating these pests. Once the plants are inside, cut back on watering and withhold applying any fertilizer until next spring. Don't forget to prepare your house for the new arrivals. There's nothing worse than watching the evening weather, only to discover that a freeze is on the way, and realize that you don't have any room for your plants.
Evergreens in pots can be especially vulnerable. If their roots freeze, they may not make it through the winter. Those in large pots may be fine during mild winters, but evergreens in small pots should be protected. Place them against a wall and cover the pots with mulch or shredded leaves. Keep them watered throughout the winter. Don't allow the root balls of evergreens in the garden dry out completely, even if it means dragging the hose out in the middle of winter and giving them a thorough soaking.
Cover Tender Seedlings in the Vegetable Garden
Fall veggies, especially tender seedlings, may need protection, although most can survive temperatures of around 28 degrees F with little or no tissue damage. Nevertheless, when the forecast calls for temperatures in that range, keep a few blankets handy to cover crops overnight. During the day, if temperatures rise above freezing, remove the blankets so that excessive heat doesn't accumulate beneath the coverings. Some people use clear plastic to protect their plants. Plastic causes more accumulation of heat, which is good, but if you don't take the plastic off before direct sun hits it the next day, your plants will cook.
Watch Out for New Plant Growth
Interestingly, some plants may actually start to put on new growth in response to cooler temperatures, especially if summer temps were really hot. But that new growth is tender, especially in the case of broadleaf and needled evergreens, and unless it has a chance to harden off before a freeze, it may die back.
Clean Out and Store Pots in a Protected Area
Keep in mind that freezes don't just affect plants. They can wreak havoc on other features in your garden as well. Even the best pots can crack if the soil is left in them over the winter, so remember to remove the soil. If you have time and are so inclined, scrub the pots clean with a solution of one part bleach to nine parts water.
Winterize Water Features
Water features are of particular concern during the winter. Small features will freeze, despite the running water produced by the fountain, and that can ruin the pump and the pot. So make sure you drain them and store the pot and pump in the garage or garden shed. Depending on where you live, larger water features and ponds may freeze over somewhat, but if they are deep enough or have a waterfall rapid and large enough, they shouldn't freeze solid. Consult a pond installation expert on how to properly winterize your water feature.Turn off water to irrigation systems and set automatic timers to the "off" mode. You may not want to turn the controller box off completely so you don't lose the watering schedule and have to reprogram it next season. It may be necessary to drain or blow the water out of the pipes. Consult your local irrigation specialist on recommendations. If any pipes, valves or the backflow preventer are above ground and exposed to the elements, wrap them with protective insulation, like insulator tape, to keep them from freezing. But don't insulate or block air vents or the pump motor.
Prepare Fish for the Winter
Koi enter a state of suspended animation during the winter and survive the cold water with no problem. Cut back on feeding the koi because the more they eat, the more waste they produce. In cold water the bacteria that breaks down that waste doesn't work well. So to maintain water quality, limit feeding to those occasional warm spells that may occur in the winter.
In the perennial border, touch up mulch around plants for added winter protection. A layer of mulch about two to four inches deep is ideal. Unless you prefer otherwise, it is fine to leave foliage that has died back as it will help provide additional protection at the crown of plants. Leave ornamental grasses intact without cutting them back to discourage new growth during warm spells and encourage birds to visit.
Add Spent Plants to Compost
Remove spent plants from the vegetable garden and add them to the compost pile. Discard diseased plants in the trash. Turn over the soil with a garden fork (or till) to expose underground pests to cold temperatures. Caution: don't work soil when it's wet! Planting a cover crop can help reduce soil erosion, capture nutrients, reduce weeds and enrich the soil for spring. Winterize the compost bin by covering it with a tarp; this will help to keep the composting process going through the cold season. Occasionally soak the pile with water to keep it moist. Add an insulation of leaves or straw on the top and the sides of the pile.
Depending on where you live, there are different methods to winterizing roses. A good rule of thumb is to remove the foliage from on and around the base of rose plants; this keeps foliar diseases from overwintering and coming back next growing season. Prune away branches that show signs of decay or insect infestation; also cut long stems that can whip around in the wind. Throw away diseased foliage and cut branches in the trash, instead of composting it. Spray roses and the soil immediately surrounding them with a fungicide to protect plants through winter and hopefully keep disease from overwintering. A generous layer of mulch, topsoil or compost heaped around the graft union can also help protect it against the cold.
Prepare Your Garden Tools
Preparing your garden tools for the winter helps to promote their longevity and makes using them next season much easier. Mark these must-do to-dos off your winterizing checklist. Wash off dirt that has dried and hardened onto garden tools, such as shovels and hoes. Apply linseed oil to wooden handles to prevent desiccation and cracking. Sharpen blades of tools, such as pruners, hedge trimmers and shovels.
Drain Your Hoses
Drain garden hoses and take them inside for the winter. Otherwise, water left sitting inside hoses can freeze and expand, causing the hose lining to rupture and create leaks. Repair leaky hoses and replace old and damaged washers and fittings. Thoroughly rinse pesticide sprayers and fertilizer/grass seed spreaders. Allow to dry before storing.
Prepping Power Equipment
Empty gasoline out of power equipment. To empty your lawn mower's gas tank, use it to mulch fall leaves on the lawn. Give four-cycle engines, such as lawn mowers and tillers, an oil change. Two-cycle engines, like string trimmers, use a gas-oil mixture in the gas tank. Although they don't require an oil change, the gas-oil mixture should be drained from the tank and properly disposed. Inspect spark plugs and replace worn-out ones. Check air filters and replace old, dirty ones. Scrape or hose off grass and other grime that has collected on power equipment, especially lawn mowers. Remove blades and sharpen before putting them back on.
For the Birds
Create a winter haven for your feathered friends. Provide them with the essentials: food, shelter and water. Keep bird feeders refilled throughout the winter season. If you're going on vacation during the holidays, you may want to think twice before leaving bird feeders unattended. Don't want to spend a fortune on birdseed or the time filling up bird feeders? Consider growing fruiting shrubs and trees that birds find naturally tasty. Drain and clean ceramic birdbaths before bringing them indoors. Clean all other birdbaths and keep them refilled. Provide shelter from the cold by way of birdhouses. Or, place nest-making materials, such as yarn, hair and dried grass, around the yard for birds to collect.
And Remember. . .
Generally speaking, winter frosts and freezes don't cause nearly as many problems in the garden as late-spring freezes, when plants are busting out all over with tender new growth. So don't panic this winter when the mercury takes a dive. Just do what you've got to do, then go inside and warm up by the fire.